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The emergence of physical education as a subject for compulsory schooling in the first half of the nineteenth century : the case of phokion Heinrich Clias and Adolf Spiess


Horlacher, Rebekka (2017). The emergence of physical education as a subject for compulsory schooling in the first half of the nineteenth century : the case of phokion Heinrich Clias and Adolf Spiess. Nordic Journal of Educational History, 4(2):13-30.

Abstract

In general, schooling and nation-building are associated with the unifying role of language and history education, since language and culture are perceived as fundamental pillars of the nation. Less discussed—at least regarding the curriculum—is the role of physical education, even if physical education was a highly political issue in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Based on a case study of Switzerland and textbooks for physical education by Adolf Spiess and the activities of Phokion Heinrich Clias for the Bernese school, this article discusses how physical education, distinct from the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’ care for the body, became a school subject of the nineteenth century compulsory schools and how it was related to the notion of nation and nation-building. It argues that physical education became first part of the “modern” philanthropic education and schooling, was soon taken for granted as an essential curricular component of nation-building and lost thereby the political threat.

Abstract

In general, schooling and nation-building are associated with the unifying role of language and history education, since language and culture are perceived as fundamental pillars of the nation. Less discussed—at least regarding the curriculum—is the role of physical education, even if physical education was a highly political issue in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Based on a case study of Switzerland and textbooks for physical education by Adolf Spiess and the activities of Phokion Heinrich Clias for the Bernese school, this article discusses how physical education, distinct from the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’ care for the body, became a school subject of the nineteenth century compulsory schools and how it was related to the notion of nation and nation-building. It argues that physical education became first part of the “modern” philanthropic education and schooling, was soon taken for granted as an essential curricular component of nation-building and lost thereby the political threat.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:19 Dec 2017 12:13
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:48
Publisher:Nordic Journal of Educational History
ISSN:2001-7766
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://ojs.ub.umu.se/index.php/njedh/article/view/119
Related URLs:http://ojs.ub.umu.se/index.php/njedh/index

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