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Maternal depression,women’s empowerment, and parental investment: evidence from a large randomized control trial


Baranov, Victoria; Bhalotra, Sonia; Biroli, Pietro; Maselko, Joanna (2017). Maternal depression,women’s empowerment, and parental investment: evidence from a large randomized control trial. IZA Discussion Papers 11187, Institute of Labor Economics.

Abstract

We evaluate the long-term impact of treating maternal depression on women’s financial empowerment and parenting decisions. We leverage experimental variation induced by a cluster-randomized control trial that provided psychotherapy to perinatally depressed mothers in rural Pakistan. It was one of the largest psychotherapy interventions in the world, and the treatment was highly successful at reducing depression. We locate mothers seven years after the end of the intervention to evaluate its long-run effects. We find that the intervention increased women’s financial empowerment, increasing their control over household spending. Additionally, the intervention increased both time- and monetaryintensive parental investments, with increases in investments tending to favor girls.

Abstract

We evaluate the long-term impact of treating maternal depression on women’s financial empowerment and parenting decisions. We leverage experimental variation induced by a cluster-randomized control trial that provided psychotherapy to perinatally depressed mothers in rural Pakistan. It was one of the largest psychotherapy interventions in the world, and the treatment was highly successful at reducing depression. We locate mothers seven years after the end of the intervention to evaluate its long-run effects. We find that the intervention increased women’s financial empowerment, increasing their control over household spending. Additionally, the intervention increased both time- and monetaryintensive parental investments, with increases in investments tending to favor girls.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:I15, I30, O15
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mental health; maternal depression; women’s labor supply; empowerment; early life; parenting; child development; randomized controlled trial; Pakistan
Language:English
Date:November 2017
Deposited On:19 Dec 2017 16:45
Last Modified:19 Mar 2018 09:25
Series Name:IZA Discussion Papers
Number of Pages:95
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://legacy.iza.org/de/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract?dp_id=11187

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