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Pathogen-inducible Ta-Lr34res expression in heterologous barley confers disease resistance without negative pleiotropic effects


Boni, Rainer; Chauhan, Harsh; Hensel, Goetz; Roulin, Anne; Sucher, Justine; Kumlehn, Jochen; Brunner, Susanne; Krattinger, Simon G; Keller, Beat (2018). Pathogen-inducible Ta-Lr34res expression in heterologous barley confers disease resistance without negative pleiotropic effects. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 16(1):245-253.

Abstract

Plant diseases are a serious threat to crop production. The informed use of naturally occurring disease resistance in plant breeding can greatly contribute to sustainably reduce yield losses caused by plant pathogens. The Ta-Lr34res gene encodes an ABC transporter protein and confers partial, durable, and broad spectrum resistance against several fungal pathogens in wheat. Transgenic barley lines expressing Ta-Lr34res showed enhanced resistance against powdery mildew and leaf rust of barley. While Ta-Lr34res is only active at adult stage in wheat, Ta-Lr34res was found to be highly expressed already at the seedling stage in transgenic barley resulting in severe negative effects on growth. Here, we expressed Ta-Lr34res under the control of the pathogen-inducible Hv-Ger4c promoter in barley. Sixteen independent barley transformants showed strong resistance against leaf rust and powdery mildew. Infection assays and growth parameter measurements were performed under standard glasshouse and near-field conditions using a convertible glasshouse. Two Hv-Ger4c::Ta-Lr34res transgenic events were analysed in detail. Plants of one transformation event had similar grain production compared to wild-type under glasshouse and near-field conditions. Our results showed that negative effects caused by constitutive high expression of Ta-Lr34res driven by the endogenous wheat promoter in barley can be eliminated by inducible expression without compromising disease resistance. These data demonstrate that Ta-Lr34res is agronomically useful in barley. We conclude that the generation of a large number of transformants in different barley cultivars followed by early field testing will allow identifying barley lines suitable for breeding.

Abstract

Plant diseases are a serious threat to crop production. The informed use of naturally occurring disease resistance in plant breeding can greatly contribute to sustainably reduce yield losses caused by plant pathogens. The Ta-Lr34res gene encodes an ABC transporter protein and confers partial, durable, and broad spectrum resistance against several fungal pathogens in wheat. Transgenic barley lines expressing Ta-Lr34res showed enhanced resistance against powdery mildew and leaf rust of barley. While Ta-Lr34res is only active at adult stage in wheat, Ta-Lr34res was found to be highly expressed already at the seedling stage in transgenic barley resulting in severe negative effects on growth. Here, we expressed Ta-Lr34res under the control of the pathogen-inducible Hv-Ger4c promoter in barley. Sixteen independent barley transformants showed strong resistance against leaf rust and powdery mildew. Infection assays and growth parameter measurements were performed under standard glasshouse and near-field conditions using a convertible glasshouse. Two Hv-Ger4c::Ta-Lr34res transgenic events were analysed in detail. Plants of one transformation event had similar grain production compared to wild-type under glasshouse and near-field conditions. Our results showed that negative effects caused by constitutive high expression of Ta-Lr34res driven by the endogenous wheat promoter in barley can be eliminated by inducible expression without compromising disease resistance. These data demonstrate that Ta-Lr34res is agronomically useful in barley. We conclude that the generation of a large number of transformants in different barley cultivars followed by early field testing will allow identifying barley lines suitable for breeding.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:04 Jan 2018 18:19
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 08:59
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1467-7644
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12765
PubMed ID:28561994

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