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Circadian dependence of manual thrombus aspiration benefit in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention


Fournier, Stephane; Muller, Olivier; Benedetto, Umberto; Roffi, Marco; Pilgrim, Thomas; Eberli, Franz R; Rickli, Hans; Radovanovic, Dragana; Erne, Paul; Cook, Stéphane; Noble, Stéphane; Fesselet, Rachel; Zuffi, Andrea; Degrauwe, Sophie; Masci, PierGiorgio; Windecker, Stephan; Eeckhout, Eric; Iglesias, Juan F (2018). Circadian dependence of manual thrombus aspiration benefit in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 107(4):338-346.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical benefit of manual thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains uncertain. This study assessed the impact of circadian rhythms on the effectiveness of manual TA.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an observational study of patients enrolled in the Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland Plus registry. STEMI patients undergoing PPCI with (TA group) or without (PCI-alone group) manual TA were divided based on time-of-day symptom onset: group 1 (00:00-05:59), group 2 (06:00-11:59), group 3 (12:00-17:59) and group 4 (18:00-23:59). The primary endpoint was circadian variation of myocardial infarction (MI) size. The secondary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality. Between 2009 and 2014, 3648 patients underwent PPCI (TA, 49%). After propensity-score matching, 2860 patients were included. Minimal myocardial Injury was observed in groups 2 and 3 (peak creatine kinase level group 1, 2723 ± 148 U/l; group 2, 2493 ± 105 U/l; group 3, 2550 ± 106 U/l; group 4, 2952 ± 144 U/l; p = 0.044) in the TA group, whereas no time-of-day dependence was found in PCI-alone group. After periodic sinusoidal regression analysis, a circadian relationship between time-of-day symptom onset and MI size was demonstrated in the TA group (p < 0.001). In-hospital all-cause mortality was 3.4% in the TA group and 4.3% in the PCI-alone group (p = 0.20).
CONCLUSIONS: In this large registry of STEMI patients, manual TA did not reduce in-hospital all-cause mortality. Nonetheless, there was a circadian dependence of TA effectiveness with greatest myocardial salvage for patients with symptom onset between 06:00 and 17:59.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical benefit of manual thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains uncertain. This study assessed the impact of circadian rhythms on the effectiveness of manual TA.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an observational study of patients enrolled in the Acute Myocardial Infarction in Switzerland Plus registry. STEMI patients undergoing PPCI with (TA group) or without (PCI-alone group) manual TA were divided based on time-of-day symptom onset: group 1 (00:00-05:59), group 2 (06:00-11:59), group 3 (12:00-17:59) and group 4 (18:00-23:59). The primary endpoint was circadian variation of myocardial infarction (MI) size. The secondary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality. Between 2009 and 2014, 3648 patients underwent PPCI (TA, 49%). After propensity-score matching, 2860 patients were included. Minimal myocardial Injury was observed in groups 2 and 3 (peak creatine kinase level group 1, 2723 ± 148 U/l; group 2, 2493 ± 105 U/l; group 3, 2550 ± 106 U/l; group 4, 2952 ± 144 U/l; p = 0.044) in the TA group, whereas no time-of-day dependence was found in PCI-alone group. After periodic sinusoidal regression analysis, a circadian relationship between time-of-day symptom onset and MI size was demonstrated in the TA group (p < 0.001). In-hospital all-cause mortality was 3.4% in the TA group and 4.3% in the PCI-alone group (p = 0.20).
CONCLUSIONS: In this large registry of STEMI patients, manual TA did not reduce in-hospital all-cause mortality. Nonetheless, there was a circadian dependence of TA effectiveness with greatest myocardial salvage for patients with symptom onset between 06:00 and 17:59.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:05 Jan 2018 19:41
Last Modified:27 Mar 2018 01:02
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1861-0684
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-017-1189-8
PubMed ID:29222592

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