Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

From Harvard via Moscow to West Berlin : educational technology, programmed instruction and the commercialisation of learning after 1957


Hof, Barbara (2018). From Harvard via Moscow to West Berlin : educational technology, programmed instruction and the commercialisation of learning after 1957. History of Education, 47(4):445-465.

Abstract

After the Sputnik shock of 1957, the United States initiated education reform, based in part on the hope that technology could facilitate efficient school learning. This development was largely driven by the confrontation between the eastern and western Blocs: on both sides of the Iron Curtain, reformists promoted educational technology for the purpose of better instruction so as to improve the performance capacity of their own societies. The first section of the article focuses on this circulation of knowledge, after which the second section, drawing on the example of Germany, argues that, due to the constellation of interests in the 1960s, substantial organisational and financial resources could be mobilised to promote educational technology. However, when support from political and pedagogical circles dwindled in the 1970s, it became detached from its previous objectives, but was pragmatically advanced in the private sector.

Abstract

After the Sputnik shock of 1957, the United States initiated education reform, based in part on the hope that technology could facilitate efficient school learning. This development was largely driven by the confrontation between the eastern and western Blocs: on both sides of the Iron Curtain, reformists promoted educational technology for the purpose of better instruction so as to improve the performance capacity of their own societies. The first section of the article focuses on this circulation of knowledge, after which the second section, drawing on the example of Germany, argues that, due to the constellation of interests in the 1960s, substantial organisational and financial resources could be mobilised to promote educational technology. However, when support from political and pedagogical circles dwindled in the 1970s, it became detached from its previous objectives, but was pragmatically advanced in the private sector.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 09 Jan 2018
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:09 Jan 2018 16:14
Last Modified:06 Jun 2018 01:01
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0046-760X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/0046760X.2017.1401125

Download