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Effect of Cavity Contamination by Blood and Hemostatic Agents on Marginal Adaptation of Composite Restorations


Groddeck, Sabine; Attin, Thomas; Tauböck, Tobias T. (2017). Effect of Cavity Contamination by Blood and Hemostatic Agents on Marginal Adaptation of Composite Restorations. Journal of Adhesive Dentistry, 19(3):259-264.

Abstract

PURPOSE To determine the effects of contamination of tooth cavities by hemostatic agents applied after blood contamination on marginal adaptation of composite restorations bonded with etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cervical cavities (n = 10 per group) were contaminated with blood and subsequently treated with aluminum chloride (Racestyptine) or ferric sulfate (Astringedent, ViscoStat) hemostatic agents. After water rinsing, composite restorations were placed using either an etch-and-rinse (OptiBond FL) or self-etch (OptiBond All-in-One) adhesive. EDS-based elemental surface analysis was performed, and marginal integrity was evaluated using SEM both before and after thermomechanical loading. The percentage of continuous margins in enamel (%CEM) and dentin (%CDM) was statistically analyzed (p < 0.05). RESULTS No statistically significant differences in %CEM and %CDM were observed between hemostatic-contaminated groups and uncontaminated controls after thermomechanical loading, irrespective of the adhesive used. Specimens contaminated with aluminum-chloride-based Racestyptine showed a significantly higher final %CEM when the etch-and-rinse adhesive was applied (OptiBond FL) than with the self-etch adhesive (OptiBond All-in-One). CONCLUSION Cavity contamination with hemostatic agents, applied after blood contamination and removed with water spray, does not compromise marginal adaptation in enamel and dentin. In the case of contamination by an aluminum-chloride hemostatic agent, the tested etch-and-rinse approach resulted in a higher percentage of continuous enamel margins of composite restorations than did the self-etch approach.

Abstract

PURPOSE To determine the effects of contamination of tooth cavities by hemostatic agents applied after blood contamination on marginal adaptation of composite restorations bonded with etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cervical cavities (n = 10 per group) were contaminated with blood and subsequently treated with aluminum chloride (Racestyptine) or ferric sulfate (Astringedent, ViscoStat) hemostatic agents. After water rinsing, composite restorations were placed using either an etch-and-rinse (OptiBond FL) or self-etch (OptiBond All-in-One) adhesive. EDS-based elemental surface analysis was performed, and marginal integrity was evaluated using SEM both before and after thermomechanical loading. The percentage of continuous margins in enamel (%CEM) and dentin (%CDM) was statistically analyzed (p < 0.05). RESULTS No statistically significant differences in %CEM and %CDM were observed between hemostatic-contaminated groups and uncontaminated controls after thermomechanical loading, irrespective of the adhesive used. Specimens contaminated with aluminum-chloride-based Racestyptine showed a significantly higher final %CEM when the etch-and-rinse adhesive was applied (OptiBond FL) than with the self-etch adhesive (OptiBond All-in-One). CONCLUSION Cavity contamination with hemostatic agents, applied after blood contamination and removed with water spray, does not compromise marginal adaptation in enamel and dentin. In the case of contamination by an aluminum-chloride hemostatic agent, the tested etch-and-rinse approach resulted in a higher percentage of continuous enamel margins of composite restorations than did the self-etch approach.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:12 Jan 2018 12:27
Last Modified:19 Mar 2018 09:47
Publisher:Quintessence Publishing
ISSN:1461-5185
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3290/j.jad.a38411
PubMed ID:28580463

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