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Bonding of composite resins to PEEK: the influence of adhesive systems and air-abrasion parameters


Stawarczyk, Bogna; Taufall, Simon; Roos, Malgorzata; Schmidlin, Patrick R; Lümkemann, Nina (2018). Bonding of composite resins to PEEK: the influence of adhesive systems and air-abrasion parameters. Clinical Oral Investigations, 22(2):763-771.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the tensile bond strength (TBS) to polyaryletheretherketone (PEEK) after different pretreatment and conditioning methods. METHODS Four hundred PEEK specimens were fabricated and allocated to the following air-abrasion methods (n 1 = 80/pretreatment): (i) 50 μm Al2O3 (0.05 MPa); (ii) 50 μm Al2O3 (0.35 MPa); (iii) 110 μm Al2O3 (0.05 MPa); (iv) 110 μm Al2O3 (0.35 MPa); and (v) Rocatec 110 μm (0.28 MPa). These pretreatments were combined with the following conditioning methods (n 2 = 20/pretreatment/conditioning): (a) visio.link (VL); (b) Monobond Plus/Heliobond (MH); (c) Scotchbond Universal (SU); and (d) dialog bonding fluid (DB). After veneering of all specimens with dialog occlusal and aging (28 days H2O, 37 °C + 20,000 thermal cycles, 5/55 °C), TBS was measured. Data was analysed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with Breslow-Gehan test and Cox-regressions. RESULTS The major impact on TBS showed the conditioning, followed by the air-abrasion-pressure, while the grain size of the air-abrasion powder did not show any effect. Specimens air-abraded at 0.35 MPa showed the highest survival rates. However, within VL groups, this observation was not statistically significant. Within MH groups, pretreatment using 110 μm Al2O3 and 0.05 MPa resulted in higher survival rates compared to groups treated with 50 and 110 μm Al2O3 using a pressure of 0.35 MPa. The use of VL showed the highest survival rates between the adhesive systems and the TBS values higher than 25 MPa independent of the pretreatment method. As an exception, only VL showed significantly higher survival rates when compared to MH. CONCLUSIONS The adequate choice of the adhesive system and higher pressures improved the TBS between PEEK and veneering resin composite. The particle size had no major impact. CLINICAL RELEVANCE According to this study, best veneering of PEEK with dialog occlusal can be achieved by conditioning with visio.link in combination with the pretreatment of airborne particle abrasion at a pressure of 0.35 MPa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the tensile bond strength (TBS) to polyaryletheretherketone (PEEK) after different pretreatment and conditioning methods. METHODS Four hundred PEEK specimens were fabricated and allocated to the following air-abrasion methods (n 1 = 80/pretreatment): (i) 50 μm Al2O3 (0.05 MPa); (ii) 50 μm Al2O3 (0.35 MPa); (iii) 110 μm Al2O3 (0.05 MPa); (iv) 110 μm Al2O3 (0.35 MPa); and (v) Rocatec 110 μm (0.28 MPa). These pretreatments were combined with the following conditioning methods (n 2 = 20/pretreatment/conditioning): (a) visio.link (VL); (b) Monobond Plus/Heliobond (MH); (c) Scotchbond Universal (SU); and (d) dialog bonding fluid (DB). After veneering of all specimens with dialog occlusal and aging (28 days H2O, 37 °C + 20,000 thermal cycles, 5/55 °C), TBS was measured. Data was analysed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with Breslow-Gehan test and Cox-regressions. RESULTS The major impact on TBS showed the conditioning, followed by the air-abrasion-pressure, while the grain size of the air-abrasion powder did not show any effect. Specimens air-abraded at 0.35 MPa showed the highest survival rates. However, within VL groups, this observation was not statistically significant. Within MH groups, pretreatment using 110 μm Al2O3 and 0.05 MPa resulted in higher survival rates compared to groups treated with 50 and 110 μm Al2O3 using a pressure of 0.35 MPa. The use of VL showed the highest survival rates between the adhesive systems and the TBS values higher than 25 MPa independent of the pretreatment method. As an exception, only VL showed significantly higher survival rates when compared to MH. CONCLUSIONS The adequate choice of the adhesive system and higher pressures improved the TBS between PEEK and veneering resin composite. The particle size had no major impact. CLINICAL RELEVANCE According to this study, best veneering of PEEK with dialog occlusal can be achieved by conditioning with visio.link in combination with the pretreatment of airborne particle abrasion at a pressure of 0.35 MPa.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:19 Jan 2018 09:10
Last Modified:21 Feb 2018 02:03
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1432-6981
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-017-2151-x
PubMed ID:28647864

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Embargo till: 2018-06-24