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Nonampullary Duodenal Adenomas Rarely Recur after Complete Endoscopic Resection: A Swiss Experience Including a Literature Review


Valli, Piero V; Mertens, Joachim C; Sonnenberg, Amnon; Bauerfeind, Peter (2017). Nonampullary Duodenal Adenomas Rarely Recur after Complete Endoscopic Resection: A Swiss Experience Including a Literature Review. Digestion, 96(3):149-157.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Duodenal polyps and especially duodenal adenomas are a rare and mostly coincidental finding in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Due to their malignant potential, duodenal adenomas should be removed upon diagnosis. So far, the limited available data on the performance of endoscopic polypectomy show conflicting results with regard to adverse events and the adenoma recurrence rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS After summarizing the currently available data, we retrospectively analyzed all patients undergoing endoscopic resection of nonampullary duodenal adenomas (NAD) at our institution between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS A total of 78 patients underwent endoscopic polypectomy for NAD adenoma. End-of-treatment success with complete resection requiring a mean of 1.2 interventions was achieved in 91% (n = 71). Procedural hemorrhage occurred in 12.8% (n = 10), whereas delayed bleeding was noted in 9% (n = 7). Duodenal perforation was registered and successfully treated in 2 cases (2.6%). No adenoma recurrence was noted following primary complete adenoma resection after a mean follow-up time of 33 months. Acute post-polypectomy bleeding was statistically significantly associated with large polyp size (p = 0.003) and lack of endoscopic prophylaxis (p = 0.0008). Delayed post-polypectomy bleeding showed a trend in the occurrence of large polyps (p = 0.064), and was statistically significantly associated with familial cancer syndrome (p = 0.019) and advanced histopathology (p = 0.013). CONCLUSION Our data suggest that endoscopic polypectomy of NAD is well feasible with high success rates. Procedural and delayed hemorrhage seems to be the primary issue rather than adenoma recurrence. We therefore advocate referral of patients with large NAD to experienced centers for endoscopic resection.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Duodenal polyps and especially duodenal adenomas are a rare and mostly coincidental finding in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Due to their malignant potential, duodenal adenomas should be removed upon diagnosis. So far, the limited available data on the performance of endoscopic polypectomy show conflicting results with regard to adverse events and the adenoma recurrence rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS After summarizing the currently available data, we retrospectively analyzed all patients undergoing endoscopic resection of nonampullary duodenal adenomas (NAD) at our institution between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS A total of 78 patients underwent endoscopic polypectomy for NAD adenoma. End-of-treatment success with complete resection requiring a mean of 1.2 interventions was achieved in 91% (n = 71). Procedural hemorrhage occurred in 12.8% (n = 10), whereas delayed bleeding was noted in 9% (n = 7). Duodenal perforation was registered and successfully treated in 2 cases (2.6%). No adenoma recurrence was noted following primary complete adenoma resection after a mean follow-up time of 33 months. Acute post-polypectomy bleeding was statistically significantly associated with large polyp size (p = 0.003) and lack of endoscopic prophylaxis (p = 0.0008). Delayed post-polypectomy bleeding showed a trend in the occurrence of large polyps (p = 0.064), and was statistically significantly associated with familial cancer syndrome (p = 0.019) and advanced histopathology (p = 0.013). CONCLUSION Our data suggest that endoscopic polypectomy of NAD is well feasible with high success rates. Procedural and delayed hemorrhage seems to be the primary issue rather than adenoma recurrence. We therefore advocate referral of patients with large NAD to experienced centers for endoscopic resection.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:19 Jan 2018 13:33
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:28
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0012-2823
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000479625
PubMed ID:28854423

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