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Cells expressing CD4, CD8, MHCII and endoglin in the canine corpus luteum of pregnancy, and prepartum activation of the luteal TNFα system


Nowaczyk, Renata M; Jursza-Piotrowska, Ewelina; Gram, Aykut; Siemieniuch, Marta J; Boos, Alois; Kowalewski, Mariusz P (2017). Cells expressing CD4, CD8, MHCII and endoglin in the canine corpus luteum of pregnancy, and prepartum activation of the luteal TNFα system. Theriogenology, 98:123-132.

Abstract

In the dog, knowledge about involvement of the immune system in controlling luteal function is restricted to observations showing a time-dependent invasion of immune cells into the corpus luteum (CL) of non-pregnant bitches. Therefore, this study investigated the presence of CD4-, CD8-, MHCII- and endoglin-expressing cells in CL collected throughout pregnancy from pre-implantation until prepartum luteolysis. Immunohistochemistry and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were applied. The time-dependent expression of CD4, CD8 and endoglin was more strongly related to formation of the CL, whereas MHCII was induced during luteolysis. Next, the luteal expression of TNFα and its receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2, was analyzed in non-pregnant dogs between days 5-65 after ovulation and during pregnancy. Moreover, the effects of progesterone withdrawal were investigated in mid-pregnant dogs treated with an antigestagen aglepristone. The TNFα system was induced in the early CL of non-pregnant dogs. In pregnant dogs, expression of TNFα did not vary much, contrasting with increased expression of both receptors in the post-implantation period and significantly decreased expression at mid-gestation; prepartum luteolysis was characterized by increased TNFR2 expression. Apart from the downregulated expression of TNFR1, the changes observed following antigestagen treatment resembled those observed during normal prepartum luteolysis. A modulatory function of the TNFα system during formation of the canine CL is suggested, possibly related to the strong accompanying vascularization and luteal infiltration with activated macrophages. Contrasting with the slow luteal regression in non-pregnant dogs, in pregnant animals the upregulation of TNFR2 expression during prepartum luteolysis implies functional involvement of the TNFα system during that time.

Abstract

In the dog, knowledge about involvement of the immune system in controlling luteal function is restricted to observations showing a time-dependent invasion of immune cells into the corpus luteum (CL) of non-pregnant bitches. Therefore, this study investigated the presence of CD4-, CD8-, MHCII- and endoglin-expressing cells in CL collected throughout pregnancy from pre-implantation until prepartum luteolysis. Immunohistochemistry and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were applied. The time-dependent expression of CD4, CD8 and endoglin was more strongly related to formation of the CL, whereas MHCII was induced during luteolysis. Next, the luteal expression of TNFα and its receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2, was analyzed in non-pregnant dogs between days 5-65 after ovulation and during pregnancy. Moreover, the effects of progesterone withdrawal were investigated in mid-pregnant dogs treated with an antigestagen aglepristone. The TNFα system was induced in the early CL of non-pregnant dogs. In pregnant dogs, expression of TNFα did not vary much, contrasting with increased expression of both receptors in the post-implantation period and significantly decreased expression at mid-gestation; prepartum luteolysis was characterized by increased TNFR2 expression. Apart from the downregulated expression of TNFR1, the changes observed following antigestagen treatment resembled those observed during normal prepartum luteolysis. A modulatory function of the TNFα system during formation of the canine CL is suggested, possibly related to the strong accompanying vascularization and luteal infiltration with activated macrophages. Contrasting with the slow luteal regression in non-pregnant dogs, in pregnant animals the upregulation of TNFR2 expression during prepartum luteolysis implies functional involvement of the TNFα system during that time.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Corpus luteum; Domestic dog; Endoglin; Immune system; TNFα system
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:28 Jan 2018 20:25
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:30
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0093-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.05.003
PubMed ID:28601149

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