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CD4 cell count response to first-line combination ART in HIV-2+ patients compared with HIV-1+ patients: a multinational, multicohort European study


Wittkop, L; Arsandaux, J; Trevino, A; et al; Böni, Jürg; Calmy, A; COHERE in EuroCoord; ACHIeV2e Study Group (2017). CD4 cell count response to first-line combination ART in HIV-2+ patients compared with HIV-1+ patients: a multinational, multicohort European study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 72:2869-2878.

Abstract

Background: CD4 cell recovery following first-line combination ART (cART) is poorer in HIV-2+ than in HIV-1+ patients. Only large comparisons may allow adjustments for demographic and pretreatment plasma viral load (pVL).
Methods: ART-naive HIV+ adults from two European multicohort collaborations, COHERE (HIV-1 alone) and ACHIeV2e (HIV-2 alone), were included, if they started first-line cART (without NNRTIs or fusion inhibitors) between 1997 and 2011. Patients without at least one CD4 cell count before start of cART, without a pretreatment pVL and with missing a priori-defined covariables were excluded. Evolution of CD4 cell count was studied using adjusted linear mixed models.
Results: We included 185 HIV-2+ and 30321 HIV-1+ patients with median age of 46 years (IQR 36–52) and 37 years (IQR 31–44), respectively. Median observed pretreatment CD4 cell counts/mm3 were 203 (95% CI 100–290) in HIV-2+ patients and 223 (95% CI 100–353) in HIV-1+ patients. Mean observed CD4 cell count changes from start of cART to 12 months were +105 (95% CI 77–134) in HIV-2+ patients and +202 (95% CI 199–205) in HIV-1+ patients, an observed difference of 97 cells/mm3 in 1 year. In adjusted analysis, the mean CD4 cell increase was overall 25 CD4 cells/mm3/year lower (95% CI 5–44; P = 0.0127) in HIV-2+ patients compared with HIV-1+ patients.
Conclusions: A poorer CD4 cell increase during first-line cART was observed in HIV-2+ patients, even after adjusting for pretreatment pVL and other potential confounders. Our results underline the need to identify more potent therapeutic regimens or strategies against HIV-2.

Abstract

Background: CD4 cell recovery following first-line combination ART (cART) is poorer in HIV-2+ than in HIV-1+ patients. Only large comparisons may allow adjustments for demographic and pretreatment plasma viral load (pVL).
Methods: ART-naive HIV+ adults from two European multicohort collaborations, COHERE (HIV-1 alone) and ACHIeV2e (HIV-2 alone), were included, if they started first-line cART (without NNRTIs or fusion inhibitors) between 1997 and 2011. Patients without at least one CD4 cell count before start of cART, without a pretreatment pVL and with missing a priori-defined covariables were excluded. Evolution of CD4 cell count was studied using adjusted linear mixed models.
Results: We included 185 HIV-2+ and 30321 HIV-1+ patients with median age of 46 years (IQR 36–52) and 37 years (IQR 31–44), respectively. Median observed pretreatment CD4 cell counts/mm3 were 203 (95% CI 100–290) in HIV-2+ patients and 223 (95% CI 100–353) in HIV-1+ patients. Mean observed CD4 cell count changes from start of cART to 12 months were +105 (95% CI 77–134) in HIV-2+ patients and +202 (95% CI 199–205) in HIV-1+ patients, an observed difference of 97 cells/mm3 in 1 year. In adjusted analysis, the mean CD4 cell increase was overall 25 CD4 cells/mm3/year lower (95% CI 5–44; P = 0.0127) in HIV-2+ patients compared with HIV-1+ patients.
Conclusions: A poorer CD4 cell increase during first-line cART was observed in HIV-2+ patients, even after adjusting for pretreatment pVL and other potential confounders. Our results underline the need to identify more potent therapeutic regimens or strategies against HIV-2.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2017
Deposited On:19 Jan 2018 15:01
Last Modified:18 Apr 2018 11:49
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-7453
Funders:European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under EuroCoord grant agreement number 260694
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx210
Related URLs:https://academic.oup.com/jac/article/72/10/2869/3977810 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:29091198
Project Information:
  • : FunderFP7
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project TitleEuropean Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under EuroCoord grant agreement number 260694

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