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Patent foramen ovale diagnosis: The importance of provocative maneuvers


Mongodi, Silvia; Via, Gabriele; Riccardi, Mariachiara; Tavazzi, Guido; D'Armini, Andrea Maria; Maurelli, Marco; Braschi, Antonio; Mojoli, Francesco (2017). Patent foramen ovale diagnosis: The importance of provocative maneuvers. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, 45(1):58-61.

Abstract

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a frequent congenital anomaly, but massive right-to-left shunt (RTLS) is normally prevented by higher pressures in left heart chambers. However, mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can significantly increase right atrial pressure, accentuating the RTLS, mainly after major cardiothoracic surgery. We report a patient admitted to the intensive care unit after cardiac surgery. Pre- and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography only described an aneurysmal interatrial septum with no shunt. However, high-PEEP ventilation induced a paradoxical response with life-threatening hypoxemia, triggering further echocardiographic evaluation, revealing massive RTLS across a stretch PFO. Provocative maneuvers (Valsalva/PEEP) significantly increase echocardiographic sensitivity, unmasking silent PFO. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 45:58-61, 2017.

Abstract

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a frequent congenital anomaly, but massive right-to-left shunt (RTLS) is normally prevented by higher pressures in left heart chambers. However, mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can significantly increase right atrial pressure, accentuating the RTLS, mainly after major cardiothoracic surgery. We report a patient admitted to the intensive care unit after cardiac surgery. Pre- and intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography only described an aneurysmal interatrial septum with no shunt. However, high-PEEP ventilation induced a paradoxical response with life-threatening hypoxemia, triggering further echocardiographic evaluation, revealing massive RTLS across a stretch PFO. Provocative maneuvers (Valsalva/PEEP) significantly increase echocardiographic sensitivity, unmasking silent PFO. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 45:58-61, 2017.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:06 Feb 2018 16:55
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0091-2751
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22383
PubMed ID:27444317

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