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Efficacy and Safety of Sacral and Percutaneous Tibial Neuromodulation in Non-neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction and Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Systematic Review of the Literature


Tutolo, Manuela; Ammirati, Enrico; Heesakkers, John; Kessler, Thomas M; Peters, Kenneth M; Rashid, Tina; Sievert, Karl-Dietrich; Spinelli, Michele; Novara, Giacomo; Van der Aa, Frank; De Ridder, Dirk (2018). Efficacy and Safety of Sacral and Percutaneous Tibial Neuromodulation in Non-neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction and Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Systematic Review of the Literature. European Urology, 73(3):406-418.

Abstract

CONTEXT Neuromodulation is considered in patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) not responsive to conservative treatment. OBJECTIVE To systematically review the available studies on efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) and percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) in non-neurogenic LUTDs not responsive to conservative treatments. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION A literature research was conducted in PubMed/Medline and Scopus, restricted to articles in English, published between January 1998 and June 2017, with at least 20 patients and 6 mo of follow-up. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS Twenty-one reports were identified. Concerning SNM, the improvement of ≥50% in leakage episodes ranged widely between 29% and 76%. Overall dry rate ranged between 43% and 56%. Overall success/improvement rate in PTNS varied between 54% and 59%. Symptom improvement or efficacy in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome patients appeared to be lower compared with other indications in both techniques. Safety data showed fewer side effects in patients submitted to PTNS. CONCLUSIONS Neuromodulation gives good results and is a safe therapy for patients with overactive bladder or chronic nonobstructive urinary retention with long-lasting efficacy. Moreover, PTNS has been shown to have good success rates and fewer side effects compared with SNM. These data have to be confirmed with long-term follow-up. PATIENT SUMMARY Sacral neuromodulation can improve low urinary tract symptoms in selected patients; it appears to be a safe therapy for nonresponders to standard medical therapies. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a less invasive technique that gives good results in short time with fewer side effects. However, we must consider that PTNS has not been tested in the long term and results are lower if compared with SNM.

Abstract

CONTEXT Neuromodulation is considered in patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) not responsive to conservative treatment. OBJECTIVE To systematically review the available studies on efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) and percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) in non-neurogenic LUTDs not responsive to conservative treatments. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION A literature research was conducted in PubMed/Medline and Scopus, restricted to articles in English, published between January 1998 and June 2017, with at least 20 patients and 6 mo of follow-up. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS Twenty-one reports were identified. Concerning SNM, the improvement of ≥50% in leakage episodes ranged widely between 29% and 76%. Overall dry rate ranged between 43% and 56%. Overall success/improvement rate in PTNS varied between 54% and 59%. Symptom improvement or efficacy in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome patients appeared to be lower compared with other indications in both techniques. Safety data showed fewer side effects in patients submitted to PTNS. CONCLUSIONS Neuromodulation gives good results and is a safe therapy for patients with overactive bladder or chronic nonobstructive urinary retention with long-lasting efficacy. Moreover, PTNS has been shown to have good success rates and fewer side effects compared with SNM. These data have to be confirmed with long-term follow-up. PATIENT SUMMARY Sacral neuromodulation can improve low urinary tract symptoms in selected patients; it appears to be a safe therapy for nonresponders to standard medical therapies. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a less invasive technique that gives good results in short time with fewer side effects. However, we must consider that PTNS has not been tested in the long term and results are lower if compared with SNM.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:11 January 2018
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 11:14
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 09:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0302-2838
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2017.11.002
PubMed ID:29336927

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