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Search for CP violation in the phase space of $D^0 \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ decays


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2017). Search for CP violation in the phase space of $D^0 \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ decays. Physics Letters B, B769:345-356.

Abstract

A search for time-integrated CP violation in the Cabibbo-suppressed decay $D^0 \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ is performed using an unbinned, model-independent technique known as the energy test. This is the first application of the energy test in four-body decays. The search is performed for P-even CP asymmetries and, for the first time, is extended to probe the P-odd case. Using proton–proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{−1}$ collected by the LHCb detector at centre-of-mass energies of $\sqrt s$ = 7TeV and 8 TeV, the world's best sensitivity to CP violation in this decay is obtained. The data are found to be consistent with the hypothesis of CP symmetry with a p-value of (4.6 $\pm$ 0.5)% in the P-even case, and marginally consistent with a p-value of (0.6 $\pm$ 0.2)% in the P-odd case, corresponding to a significance for CP non-conservation of 2.7 standard deviations.

Abstract

A search for time-integrated CP violation in the Cabibbo-suppressed decay $D^0 \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ is performed using an unbinned, model-independent technique known as the energy test. This is the first application of the energy test in four-body decays. The search is performed for P-even CP asymmetries and, for the first time, is extended to probe the P-odd case. Using proton–proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{−1}$ collected by the LHCb detector at centre-of-mass energies of $\sqrt s$ = 7TeV and 8 TeV, the world's best sensitivity to CP violation in this decay is obtained. The data are found to be consistent with the hypothesis of CP symmetry with a p-value of (4.6 $\pm$ 0.5)% in the P-even case, and marginally consistent with a p-value of (0.6 $\pm$ 0.2)% in the P-odd case, corresponding to a significance for CP non-conservation of 2.7 standard deviations.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:08 Feb 2018 13:47
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:44
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0370-2693
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.03.062

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