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Integrated Assessment of Left Ventricular Electrical Activation and Myocardial Strain Mapping in Heart Failure Patients: A Holistic Diagnostic Approach for Endocardial Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy, Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia, and Biological Therapy


Maffessanti, Francesco; Prinzen, Frits W; Conte, Giulio; Regoli, François; Caputo, Maria Luce; Suerder, Daniel; Moccetti, Tiziano; Faletra, Francesco; Krause, Rolf; Auricchio, Angelo (2018). Integrated Assessment of Left Ventricular Electrical Activation and Myocardial Strain Mapping in Heart Failure Patients: A Holistic Diagnostic Approach for Endocardial Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy, Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia, and Biological Therapy. JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, 4(1):138-146.

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to test the accuracy of strain measurements based on anatomo-electromechanical mapping (AEMM) measurements compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging, to evaluate the diagnostic value of AEMM-based strain measurements in the assessment of myocardial viability, and the additional value of AEMM over peak-to-peak local voltages.
Background The in vivo identification of viable tissue, evaluation of mechanical contraction, and simultaneous left ventricular activation is currently achieved using multiple complementary techniques.
Methods In 33 patients, AEMM maps (NOGA XP, Biologic Delivery Systems, Division of Biosense Webster, a Johnson & Johnson Company, Irwindale, California) and MRI images (Siemens 3T, Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) were obtained within 1 month. MRI tagging was used to determine circumferential strain (Ecc) and delayed enhancement to obtain local scar extent (%). Custom software was used to measure Ecc and local area strain (LAS) from the motion field of the AEMM catheter tip.
Results Intertechnique agreement for Ecc was good (R2 = 0.80), with nonsignificant bias (0.01 strain units) and narrow limits of agreement (−0.03 to 0.06). Scar segments showed lower absolute strain amplitudes compared with nonscar segments: Ecc (median [first to third quartile]: nonscar −0.10 [−0.15 to −0.06] vs. scar −0.04 [−0.06 to −0.02]) and LAS (−0.20 [−0.27 to −0.14] vs. −0.09 [−0.14 to −0.06]). AEMM strains accurately discriminated between scar and nonscar segments, in particular LAS (area under the curve: 0.84, accuracy = 0.76), which was superior to peak-to-peak voltages (nonscar 9.5 [6.5 to 13.3] mV vs. scar 5.6 [3.4 to 8.3] mV; area under the curve: 0.75). Combination of LAS and peak-to-peak voltages resulted in 86% accuracy.
Conclusions An integrated AEMM approach can accurately determine local deformation and correlates with the scar extent. This approach has potential immediate application in the diagnosis, delivery of intracardiac therapies, and their intraprocedural evaluation.

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to test the accuracy of strain measurements based on anatomo-electromechanical mapping (AEMM) measurements compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging, to evaluate the diagnostic value of AEMM-based strain measurements in the assessment of myocardial viability, and the additional value of AEMM over peak-to-peak local voltages.
Background The in vivo identification of viable tissue, evaluation of mechanical contraction, and simultaneous left ventricular activation is currently achieved using multiple complementary techniques.
Methods In 33 patients, AEMM maps (NOGA XP, Biologic Delivery Systems, Division of Biosense Webster, a Johnson & Johnson Company, Irwindale, California) and MRI images (Siemens 3T, Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) were obtained within 1 month. MRI tagging was used to determine circumferential strain (Ecc) and delayed enhancement to obtain local scar extent (%). Custom software was used to measure Ecc and local area strain (LAS) from the motion field of the AEMM catheter tip.
Results Intertechnique agreement for Ecc was good (R2 = 0.80), with nonsignificant bias (0.01 strain units) and narrow limits of agreement (−0.03 to 0.06). Scar segments showed lower absolute strain amplitudes compared with nonscar segments: Ecc (median [first to third quartile]: nonscar −0.10 [−0.15 to −0.06] vs. scar −0.04 [−0.06 to −0.02]) and LAS (−0.20 [−0.27 to −0.14] vs. −0.09 [−0.14 to −0.06]). AEMM strains accurately discriminated between scar and nonscar segments, in particular LAS (area under the curve: 0.84, accuracy = 0.76), which was superior to peak-to-peak voltages (nonscar 9.5 [6.5 to 13.3] mV vs. scar 5.6 [3.4 to 8.3] mV; area under the curve: 0.75). Combination of LAS and peak-to-peak voltages resulted in 86% accuracy.
Conclusions An integrated AEMM approach can accurately determine local deformation and correlates with the scar extent. This approach has potential immediate application in the diagnosis, delivery of intracardiac therapies, and their intraprocedural evaluation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:08 Feb 2018 14:47
Last Modified:31 Mar 2018 06:30
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2405-500X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2017.08.011

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