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Clinical follow-up of the first SF-1 insufficient female patient


Gerster, Karine; Biason-Lauber, Anna; Schoenle, Eugen J (2017). Clinical follow-up of the first SF-1 insufficient female patient. Annales d'endocrinologie, 78(3):156-161.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1/NR5A1) plays a crucial role in regulating adrenal development, gonad determination and differentiation, and in the hypothalamic-pituitary control of reproduction and metabolism. In men (46, XY), it is known that mutations in SF-1/NR5A1 gene cause a wide phenotypic spectrum with variable degrees of undervirilization. In recent years, the role of SF-1 in the ovarian function was increasingly discussed and alterations in the gene were related to primary ovarian insufficiency. We describe the follow-up of a 46, XX affected woman with a SF-1 mutation and by comparing our case with the known manifestations reported in the literature, we try to further elucidate the function of SF-1 in the ovary.
RESULTS: During infancy, adrenal insufficiency was the only clinical sign of the loss-of-function as ovarian development and function seemed normal. To date, this young woman aged 16.5 years shows normal growth, normal BMI and psychomotor development, has a normal puberty and regular menstruation.
CONCLUSION: This report shows one, to date uniquely described, phenotypic variant of SF-1 mutation in a 46, XX affected person with adrenocortical insufficiency but no ovarian dysfunction nor disturbance of pubertal development. To follow the natural history of SF-1 mutation in a 46, XX individual will further shed light on its role in the ovarian function and thus will help to counsel affected patients in future.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1/NR5A1) plays a crucial role in regulating adrenal development, gonad determination and differentiation, and in the hypothalamic-pituitary control of reproduction and metabolism. In men (46, XY), it is known that mutations in SF-1/NR5A1 gene cause a wide phenotypic spectrum with variable degrees of undervirilization. In recent years, the role of SF-1 in the ovarian function was increasingly discussed and alterations in the gene were related to primary ovarian insufficiency. We describe the follow-up of a 46, XX affected woman with a SF-1 mutation and by comparing our case with the known manifestations reported in the literature, we try to further elucidate the function of SF-1 in the ovary.
RESULTS: During infancy, adrenal insufficiency was the only clinical sign of the loss-of-function as ovarian development and function seemed normal. To date, this young woman aged 16.5 years shows normal growth, normal BMI and psychomotor development, has a normal puberty and regular menstruation.
CONCLUSION: This report shows one, to date uniquely described, phenotypic variant of SF-1 mutation in a 46, XX affected person with adrenocortical insufficiency but no ovarian dysfunction nor disturbance of pubertal development. To follow the natural history of SF-1 mutation in a 46, XX individual will further shed light on its role in the ovarian function and thus will help to counsel affected patients in future.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2017
Deposited On:08 Feb 2018 10:49
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 10:57
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-4266
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ando.2017.01.002
PubMed ID:28624161

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