Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The Way is the Goal: The Role of Goal Focus for Successful Goal Pursuit and Subjective Well-Being


Kaftan, Oliver J; Freund, Alexandra M (2018). The Way is the Goal: The Role of Goal Focus for Successful Goal Pursuit and Subjective Well-Being. In: Diener, E; Oishi, S; Tay, L. Handbook of well-being. Salt Lake City, UT: DEF Publishers, epub.

Abstract

Goals are considered by some theories as essential for subjective well-being (i.e., telic theories, see Diener, 1984). In fact, achieving goals is beneficial for subjective well-being. However, just holding goals does not bring about goal achievement. Therefore, this chapter highlights the importance of goal pursuit (autotelic theories) in addition to goal achievement for a more comprehensive understanding of subjective well-being. We address the question of whether goal progress and attainment are differentially related to subjective well-being and examine how people best pursue their goals. Specifically, we posit that focusing more on the means of goal pursuit (i.e., adopting a process focus) is more beneficial for goal progress and subjective well-being than focusing more on its ends (i.e., adopting an outcome focus). There also exists some evidence that suggests that adopting a process focus is adaptive when people face a particular type of difficulty when intending to pursue a goal, namely procrastination. Given that procrastination hinders successful goal pursuit and subjective well-being, this finding again highlights the importance of goal focus for understanding how people best pursue their goals.

Abstract

Goals are considered by some theories as essential for subjective well-being (i.e., telic theories, see Diener, 1984). In fact, achieving goals is beneficial for subjective well-being. However, just holding goals does not bring about goal achievement. Therefore, this chapter highlights the importance of goal pursuit (autotelic theories) in addition to goal achievement for a more comprehensive understanding of subjective well-being. We address the question of whether goal progress and attainment are differentially related to subjective well-being and examine how people best pursue their goals. Specifically, we posit that focusing more on the means of goal pursuit (i.e., adopting a process focus) is more beneficial for goal progress and subjective well-being than focusing more on its ends (i.e., adopting an outcome focus). There also exists some evidence that suggests that adopting a process focus is adaptive when people face a particular type of difficulty when intending to pursue a goal, namely procrastination. Given that procrastination hinders successful goal pursuit and subjective well-being, this finding again highlights the importance of goal focus for understanding how people best pursue their goals.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

16 downloads since deposited on 31 Jan 2018
16 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
08 University Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:textbook, handbook, subjective well-being, goals, goal pursuit, goal focus, procrastination DoktoratPsych Erstautor
Language:English
Date:January 2018
Deposited On:31 Jan 2018 10:54
Last Modified:19 Mar 2018 12:25
Publisher:DEF Publishers
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/nobascholar.com
Official URL:http://www.nobascholar.com/chapters/20

Download

Download PDF  'The Way is the Goal: The Role of Goal Focus for Successful Goal Pursuit and Subjective Well-Being'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 238kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)