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Stereoelectroencephalography and surgical outcome in polymicrogyria-related epilepsy: A multicentric study


Maillard, Louis Georges; Tassi, Laura; Bartolomei, Fabrice; Catenoix, Hélène; Dubeau, François; Szurhaj, William; Kahane, Philippe; Nica, Anca; Marusic, Petr; Mindruta, Ioana; Chassoux, Francine; Ramantani, Georgia (2017). Stereoelectroencephalography and surgical outcome in polymicrogyria-related epilepsy: A multicentric study. Annals of Neurology, 82(5):781-794.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to (1) assess the concordance between various polymicrogyria (PMG) types and the associated epileptogenic zone (EZ), as defined by stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG), and (2) determine the postsurgical seizure outcome in PMG-related drug-resistant epilepsy.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 58 cases: 49 had SEEG and 39 corticectomy or hemispherotomy.
RESULTS: Mean age at SEEG or surgery was 28.3 years (range, 2-50). PMG was bilateral in 9 (16%) patients and unilateral in 49, including 17 (29%) unilobar, 12 (21%) multilobar, 15 (26%) perisylvian, and only 5 (9%) hemispheric. Twenty-eight (48%) patients additionally had schizencephaly, heterotopia, or focal cortical dysplasia. The SEEG-determined EZ was fully concordant with the PMG in only 8 (16%) cases, partially concordant in 74%, and discordant in 10%. The EZ included remote cortical areas in 21 (43%) cases and was primarily localized in those in 5 (10%), all related to the mesial temporal structures. All but 1 PMG patient with corticectomy or hemispherotomy had a unilateral PMG. At last follow-up (mean, 4.6 years; range, 1-16), 28 (72%) patients remained seizure free. Shorter epilepsy duration to surgery was an independent predictor of seizure freedom.
INTERPRETATION: PMG-related drug-resistant epilepsy warrants a comprehensive presurgical evaluation, including SEEG investigations in most cases, given that the EZ may only partially overlap with the PMG or include solely remote cortical areas. Seizure freedom is feasible in a large proportion of patients. PMG extent should not deter from exploring the possibility of epilepsy surgery. Our data support the early consideration of epilepsy surgery in this patient group. Ann Neurol 2017;82:781-794.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to (1) assess the concordance between various polymicrogyria (PMG) types and the associated epileptogenic zone (EZ), as defined by stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG), and (2) determine the postsurgical seizure outcome in PMG-related drug-resistant epilepsy.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 58 cases: 49 had SEEG and 39 corticectomy or hemispherotomy.
RESULTS: Mean age at SEEG or surgery was 28.3 years (range, 2-50). PMG was bilateral in 9 (16%) patients and unilateral in 49, including 17 (29%) unilobar, 12 (21%) multilobar, 15 (26%) perisylvian, and only 5 (9%) hemispheric. Twenty-eight (48%) patients additionally had schizencephaly, heterotopia, or focal cortical dysplasia. The SEEG-determined EZ was fully concordant with the PMG in only 8 (16%) cases, partially concordant in 74%, and discordant in 10%. The EZ included remote cortical areas in 21 (43%) cases and was primarily localized in those in 5 (10%), all related to the mesial temporal structures. All but 1 PMG patient with corticectomy or hemispherotomy had a unilateral PMG. At last follow-up (mean, 4.6 years; range, 1-16), 28 (72%) patients remained seizure free. Shorter epilepsy duration to surgery was an independent predictor of seizure freedom.
INTERPRETATION: PMG-related drug-resistant epilepsy warrants a comprehensive presurgical evaluation, including SEEG investigations in most cases, given that the EZ may only partially overlap with the PMG or include solely remote cortical areas. Seizure freedom is feasible in a large proportion of patients. PMG extent should not deter from exploring the possibility of epilepsy surgery. Our data support the early consideration of epilepsy surgery in this patient group. Ann Neurol 2017;82:781-794.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Neurology, Clinical Neurology
Date:November 2017
Deposited On:14 Feb 2018 14:51
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 14:02
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0364-5134
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.25081
PubMed ID:29059488

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