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Extracorporeal Membrane oxygenation in neonates and children


Schmiady, M; Döll, C; Cavigelli-Brunner, A; Konetzka, A; Bründler, S; Kröger, Y; Dave, H; Hübler, M; Schweiger, M (2017). Extracorporeal Membrane oxygenation in neonates and children. Cardiovascular Medicine, 20(3):57-61.

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a general term that describes the short- or long-term support of the heart and/or lungs in neonates, children and adults. It offers a treatment option for severe cardiac and/or respiratory failure from neonate to adult. Used as venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), it remains the most commonly used modality for short- to mid-term mechanical support of the failing circulation in children. The aim of this article is to review the clinical indications, different circuits, technical options, patient management, and potential risks and benefits of this therapy for children. As ECMO therapy is an overwhelming event for the whole family we also highlight the role of psychosocial counselling and support for the parents.

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a general term that describes the short- or long-term support of the heart and/or lungs in neonates, children and adults. It offers a treatment option for severe cardiac and/or respiratory failure from neonate to adult. Used as venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), it remains the most commonly used modality for short- to mid-term mechanical support of the failing circulation in children. The aim of this article is to review the clinical indications, different circuits, technical options, patient management, and potential risks and benefits of this therapy for children. As ECMO therapy is an overwhelming event for the whole family we also highlight the role of psychosocial counselling and support for the parents.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 March 2017
Deposited On:19 Feb 2018 19:57
Last Modified:14 Mar 2018 17:57
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:1423-5528
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4414/cvm.2017.00462

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