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Effect of saliva composition on experimental root caries


Bardow, A; Hofer, E; Nyvad, B; ten Cate, J M; Kirkeby, S; Moe, D; Nauntofte, B (2005). Effect of saliva composition on experimental root caries. Caries Research, 39(1):71-77.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of saliva composition on caries lesion development independently of the flow rate of unstimulated whole saliva (UWS) and other caries-related variables such as lesion progression time, oral hygiene level, and fluoride exposure. We hypothesized that this could be done by developing experimental root caries under carefully controlled conditions in situ in test subjects with UWS flow rates within a narrow window of normalcy. Fifteen female and 5 male subjects (66 +/- 6 years) were selected for the study according to their UWS flow rates between 0.2 and 0.4 ml/min. All subjects developed experimental root caries lesions during a 62-day period in which UWS as well as stimulated whole saliva (SWS) were repeatedly collected and analysed for flow rate, pH, buffer capacity, inorganic, and organic composition. Caries lesion development was determined by quantitative microradiography. The mean UWS flow rate was 0.30 +/- 0.05 ml/min. Significant negative correlations were obtained between UWS total phosphate concentration and mineral loss (DeltaZ; r(s) = -0.72, p < 0.001) and UWS total protein concentration and DeltaZ (r(s) = -0.70, p < 0.01). SWS and its constituents had only limited or no effect on DeltaZ. Qualitative UWS protein analysis (SDS-PAGE) revealed that subjects with low DeltaZ values had broader and more stained amylase bands than subjects with high DeltaZ values. These findings were confirmed quantitatively by HPLC. We conclude that, within a group of subjects with normal UWS flow rates, the UWS composition was more important for caries lesion development than the SWS composition. Furthermore, high UWS concentrations of phosphate, protein, and amylase were caries-protective.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of saliva composition on caries lesion development independently of the flow rate of unstimulated whole saliva (UWS) and other caries-related variables such as lesion progression time, oral hygiene level, and fluoride exposure. We hypothesized that this could be done by developing experimental root caries under carefully controlled conditions in situ in test subjects with UWS flow rates within a narrow window of normalcy. Fifteen female and 5 male subjects (66 +/- 6 years) were selected for the study according to their UWS flow rates between 0.2 and 0.4 ml/min. All subjects developed experimental root caries lesions during a 62-day period in which UWS as well as stimulated whole saliva (SWS) were repeatedly collected and analysed for flow rate, pH, buffer capacity, inorganic, and organic composition. Caries lesion development was determined by quantitative microradiography. The mean UWS flow rate was 0.30 +/- 0.05 ml/min. Significant negative correlations were obtained between UWS total phosphate concentration and mineral loss (DeltaZ; r(s) = -0.72, p < 0.001) and UWS total protein concentration and DeltaZ (r(s) = -0.70, p < 0.01). SWS and its constituents had only limited or no effect on DeltaZ. Qualitative UWS protein analysis (SDS-PAGE) revealed that subjects with low DeltaZ values had broader and more stained amylase bands than subjects with high DeltaZ values. These findings were confirmed quantitatively by HPLC. We conclude that, within a group of subjects with normal UWS flow rates, the UWS composition was more important for caries lesion development than the SWS composition. Furthermore, high UWS concentrations of phosphate, protein, and amylase were caries-protective.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:15 Dec 2017 07:07
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0008-6568
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000081660
PubMed ID:15591738

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