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A Griscelli syndrome type 2 murine model of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)


Pachlopnik Schmid, Jana; Ho, Chen-Hsuan; Diana, Julien; Pivert, Gérard; Lehuen, Agnès; Geissmann, Frédéric; Fischer, Alain; de Saint Basile, Geneviève (2008). A Griscelli syndrome type 2 murine model of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). European Journal of Immunology, 38(11):3219-3225.

Abstract

Griscelli syndrome type 2 is caused by mutations in the RAB27A gene and is a rare and potentially fatal immune disorder associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Animal models could provide assistance for better understanding the mechanisms and finding new treatments. Rab27a-deficient (ashen) mice do not spontaneously develop HLH. When injected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) strain WE, Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice developed wasting disease, hypothermia, splenomegaly, cytopenia (anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia), hypertriglyceridemia and increased levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, IL-12, CCL5 and IL-10. Activated macrophages with hemophagocytosis were found in liver sections of these mice. Compared with perforin-deficient mice, LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient mice showed a substantially better survival rate and slightly higher viral doses were needed to trigger HLH in Rab27a-deficient mice. This study demonstrates that LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice develop features consistent with HLH and, therefore, represent a murine model of HLH in human Griscelli syndrome type 2.

Abstract

Griscelli syndrome type 2 is caused by mutations in the RAB27A gene and is a rare and potentially fatal immune disorder associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Animal models could provide assistance for better understanding the mechanisms and finding new treatments. Rab27a-deficient (ashen) mice do not spontaneously develop HLH. When injected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) strain WE, Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice developed wasting disease, hypothermia, splenomegaly, cytopenia (anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia), hypertriglyceridemia and increased levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, IL-12, CCL5 and IL-10. Activated macrophages with hemophagocytosis were found in liver sections of these mice. Compared with perforin-deficient mice, LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient mice showed a substantially better survival rate and slightly higher viral doses were needed to trigger HLH in Rab27a-deficient mice. This study demonstrates that LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice develop features consistent with HLH and, therefore, represent a murine model of HLH in human Griscelli syndrome type 2.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 15:34
Last Modified:13 Apr 2018 11:40
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:0014-2980
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.200838488
PubMed ID:18991284

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