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Convergent evolution of high elevation plant growth forms and geographically structured variation in Andean Lupinus (Fabaceae)


Contreras-Ortiz, Natalia; Atchison, Guy W; Hughes, Colin E; Madriňán, Santiago (2018). Convergent evolution of high elevation plant growth forms and geographically structured variation in Andean Lupinus (Fabaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 187(1):118-136.

Abstract

The Andean Lupinus radiation presents one of the highest rates of net species diversification in plants and includes species with a wide variety of growth forms, but the detailed geographical and adaptive trajectories of diversification in the Andes remain unresolved. One of the most distinctive of these growth forms is the fistulose-inflorescence rosette, FIR, typical of tropical high-elevation habitats. To gain insights into the evolutionary origins of this growth form and the biogeography of Andean Lupinus, genome-scale nextRADseq data were generated for 124 individuals from the northern and central Andes. The RADseq data provide unprecedented phylogenetic resolution among the recently diverged Andean Lupinus spp. and suggest multiple independent evolutionary origins of the rosette growth form and marked geographical structure across the northern Andes at different scales. This suggests that both adaptive (ecological) and geographically driven non-adaptive diversification have contributed to rapid recent species diversification. Among the north-Andean FIR Lupinus spp., our results strongly support recognition of L. alopecuroides (Central Cordillera and northern Ecuador), L. triananus (southern portion of the Eastern Cordillera) and a putative new species from the ‘Pisba-Cocuy’ and ‘Ocetá’ páramos (northern portion of the Eastern Cordillera).

Abstract

The Andean Lupinus radiation presents one of the highest rates of net species diversification in plants and includes species with a wide variety of growth forms, but the detailed geographical and adaptive trajectories of diversification in the Andes remain unresolved. One of the most distinctive of these growth forms is the fistulose-inflorescence rosette, FIR, typical of tropical high-elevation habitats. To gain insights into the evolutionary origins of this growth form and the biogeography of Andean Lupinus, genome-scale nextRADseq data were generated for 124 individuals from the northern and central Andes. The RADseq data provide unprecedented phylogenetic resolution among the recently diverged Andean Lupinus spp. and suggest multiple independent evolutionary origins of the rosette growth form and marked geographical structure across the northern Andes at different scales. This suggests that both adaptive (ecological) and geographically driven non-adaptive diversification have contributed to rapid recent species diversification. Among the north-Andean FIR Lupinus spp., our results strongly support recognition of L. alopecuroides (Central Cordillera and northern Ecuador), L. triananus (southern portion of the Eastern Cordillera) and a putative new species from the ‘Pisba-Cocuy’ and ‘Ocetá’ páramos (northern portion of the Eastern Cordillera).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:14 Mar 2018 14:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2018 01:03
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0024-4074
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/box095

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