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Dialect formation in isolated communities


Schreier, Daniel (2017). Dialect formation in isolated communities. Annual Review of Linguistics, 3:347-362.

Abstract

This article explores major processes that operate in new dialect formation, with a focus on the effects of various kinds of isolation of communities and their speakers. A sociolinguistic approach concentrates on competition and selection between transplanted dialect features and mechanisms such as mixing, leveling, simplification, and reallocation. With reference to the established (yet not uncontroversial) concept of the feature pool, the question is how contact between distinct systems gives rise to localized forms. From a more socially oriented perspective, the question is how the integration and segregation of groups contributes to or shapes the emergence and disappearance of dialects. Isolation as a sociolinguistic concept is not thoroughly defined, particularly at the intergroup, societal, or even national level; therefore, geographic, social, and psychological factors need to be discussed and assessed. The processes investigated here are koinéization and dialect/language shift, illustrated with examples from all over the world.

Abstract

This article explores major processes that operate in new dialect formation, with a focus on the effects of various kinds of isolation of communities and their speakers. A sociolinguistic approach concentrates on competition and selection between transplanted dialect features and mechanisms such as mixing, leveling, simplification, and reallocation. With reference to the established (yet not uncontroversial) concept of the feature pool, the question is how contact between distinct systems gives rise to localized forms. From a more socially oriented perspective, the question is how the integration and segregation of groups contributes to or shapes the emergence and disappearance of dialects. Isolation as a sociolinguistic concept is not thoroughly defined, particularly at the intergroup, societal, or even national level; therefore, geographic, social, and psychological factors need to be discussed and assessed. The processes investigated here are koinéization and dialect/language shift, illustrated with examples from all over the world.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > English Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:820 English & Old English literatures
Uncontrolled Keywords:dialect contact, dialect shift, koinéization, leveling, mixing, reallocation, simplification, sociolinguistic isolation
Language:English
Date:February 2017
Deposited On:20 Mar 2018 10:17
Last Modified:13 Apr 2018 11:42
Publisher:Annual Reviews
ISSN:2333-9683
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-linguistics-011516-034115
Related URLs:https://www.annualreviews.org/toc/linguistics/3/1 (Publisher)

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