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Evaluation des voies aeriennes chez l'enfant


Gysin, C (2008). Evaluation des voies aeriennes chez l'enfant. Revue Médicale Suisse, 4(173):2089-2090.

Abstract

Obstruction is the most common manifestation of airway pathology by children. The practitioner may be confronted to this relatively frequent problem. The pathology spectrum is very wide, and includes congenital malformations, infections, traumas, and tumours. The most frequent etiology of congenital upper airway obstruction is laryngomalacia. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is by far the most common cause of obstruction by children aged 2 - 7 years. The medical history and the clinical examination allow to determine the degree of emergency, to orientate the diagnosis, and to decide when to refer the patient to a specialist. Endoscopy is the gold standard examination for diagnosis. In some cases, others investigations, such as radiological examinations, may be necessary.

Abstract

Obstruction is the most common manifestation of airway pathology by children. The practitioner may be confronted to this relatively frequent problem. The pathology spectrum is very wide, and includes congenital malformations, infections, traumas, and tumours. The most frequent etiology of congenital upper airway obstruction is laryngomalacia. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is by far the most common cause of obstruction by children aged 2 - 7 years. The medical history and the clinical examination allow to determine the degree of emergency, to orientate the diagnosis, and to decide when to refer the patient to a specialist. Endoscopy is the gold standard examination for diagnosis. In some cases, others investigations, such as radiological examinations, may be necessary.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Evaluation of the pediatric airway
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:French
Date:2008
Deposited On:23 Feb 2009 10:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:04
Publisher:Médecine et Hygiène
ISSN:1660-9379
Official URL:http://revue.medhyg.ch/
PubMed ID:18959076

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