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TNF-alpha suppresses the expression of clock genes by interfering with E-box-mediated transcription


Cavadini, G; Petrzilka, S; Kohler, P; Jud, C; Tobler, I; Birchler, T; Fontana, A (2007). TNF-alpha suppresses the expression of clock genes by interfering with E-box-mediated transcription. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 104(31):12843-12848.

Abstract

Production of TNF-alpha and IL-1 in infectious and autoimmune diseases is associated with fever, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, which are collectively referred to as sickness behavior syndrome. In mice TNF-alpha and IL-1 increase nonrapid eye movement sleep. Because clock genes regulate the circadian rhythm and thereby locomotor activity and may alter sleep architecture we assessed the influence of TNF-alpha on the circadian timing system. TNF-alpha is shown here to suppress the expression of the PAR bZip clock-controlled genes Dbp, Tef, and Hlf and of the period genes Per1, Per2, and Per3 in fibroblasts in vitro and in vivo in the liver of mice infused with the cytokine. The effect of TNF-alpha on clock genes is shared by IL-1beta, but not by IFN-alpha, and IL-6. Furthermore, TNF-alpha interferes with the expression of Dbp in the suprachiasmatic nucleus and causes prolonged rest periods in the dark when mice show spontaneous locomotor activity. Using clock reporter genes TNF-alpha is found here to inhibit CLOCK-BMAL1-induced activation of E-box regulatory elements-dependent clock gene promoters. We suggest that the increase of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta, as seen in infectious and autoimmune diseases, impairs clock gene functions and causes fatigue.

Abstract

Production of TNF-alpha and IL-1 in infectious and autoimmune diseases is associated with fever, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, which are collectively referred to as sickness behavior syndrome. In mice TNF-alpha and IL-1 increase nonrapid eye movement sleep. Because clock genes regulate the circadian rhythm and thereby locomotor activity and may alter sleep architecture we assessed the influence of TNF-alpha on the circadian timing system. TNF-alpha is shown here to suppress the expression of the PAR bZip clock-controlled genes Dbp, Tef, and Hlf and of the period genes Per1, Per2, and Per3 in fibroblasts in vitro and in vivo in the liver of mice infused with the cytokine. The effect of TNF-alpha on clock genes is shared by IL-1beta, but not by IFN-alpha, and IL-6. Furthermore, TNF-alpha interferes with the expression of Dbp in the suprachiasmatic nucleus and causes prolonged rest periods in the dark when mice show spontaneous locomotor activity. Using clock reporter genes TNF-alpha is found here to inhibit CLOCK-BMAL1-induced activation of E-box regulatory elements-dependent clock gene promoters. We suggest that the increase of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta, as seen in infectious and autoimmune diseases, impairs clock gene functions and causes fatigue.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:31 July 2007
Deposited On:08 Apr 2009 14:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:06
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Additional Information:Copyright: National Academy of Sciences USA
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0701466104
PubMed ID:17646651

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