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Biocompatibility of Beta-tricalcium phosphate root replicas in porcine tooth extraction sockets - a correlative histological, ultrastructural, and x-ray microanalytical pilot study.


Nair, P N R; Luder, H U; Maspero, F A; Fischer, J H; Schug, J (2006). Biocompatibility of Beta-tricalcium phosphate root replicas in porcine tooth extraction sockets - a correlative histological, ultrastructural, and x-ray microanalytical pilot study. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 20(4):307-324.

Abstract

This investigation studies porcine tissue response in tooth extraction sockets treated with root replicas made out of Beta-tricalcium phosphate (Beta-TCP; Beta-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)) granules, molded and held together by thermal fusion of a thin film of polyglycolic-polylactic acid copolymer. Six left mandibular third incisors (n (1)/4 6) of experimental pigs are treated with the root replicas and four contralateral incisors are used as nontreated controls (n (1)/4 4). Two animals each were killed at 20, 40, and 60 weeks of observation periods. The mandibular jaw segments were prepared in toto for light microscopy by resin embedding and serial ground sectioning. Additionally, one Beta-TCP-treated socket at 60 weeks was thoroughly investigated by correlative light, electron microscopic and electron probe X-ray microanalysis to assess the bio-absorbability and host removal of the replica material from the implant site. The extraction wounds of the animals healed satisfactorily with very little histologically observable differences in the healing pattern of the test and control sites. The Beta-TCP was completely removed from extracellular sites, but at 60 weeks, remnants of it were found in the cytoplasm of multinucleated giant cells. The root replicas made out of Beta-TCP were biocompatible and bioabsorbable. Osseous healing occurred both in the test and control sockets, but the healing process was delayed due to the presence of Beta-TCP particles.

Abstract

This investigation studies porcine tissue response in tooth extraction sockets treated with root replicas made out of Beta-tricalcium phosphate (Beta-TCP; Beta-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)) granules, molded and held together by thermal fusion of a thin film of polyglycolic-polylactic acid copolymer. Six left mandibular third incisors (n (1)/4 6) of experimental pigs are treated with the root replicas and four contralateral incisors are used as nontreated controls (n (1)/4 4). Two animals each were killed at 20, 40, and 60 weeks of observation periods. The mandibular jaw segments were prepared in toto for light microscopy by resin embedding and serial ground sectioning. Additionally, one Beta-TCP-treated socket at 60 weeks was thoroughly investigated by correlative light, electron microscopic and electron probe X-ray microanalysis to assess the bio-absorbability and host removal of the replica material from the implant site. The extraction wounds of the animals healed satisfactorily with very little histologically observable differences in the healing pattern of the test and control sites. The Beta-TCP was completely removed from extracellular sites, but at 60 weeks, remnants of it were found in the cytoplasm of multinucleated giant cells. The root replicas made out of Beta-TCP were biocompatible and bioabsorbable. Osseous healing occurred both in the test and control sockets, but the healing process was delayed due to the presence of Beta-TCP particles.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 2006
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:24
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 13:26
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0885-3282
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0885328206054167
PubMed ID:16443623

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