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Evaluation of the repeatability of rhinomanometry and its use in assessing transnasal resistance and pressure in dogs


Wiestner, Thomas; Koch, Daniel A; Nad, Natascha; Balli, Aaron; Roos, Malgorzata; Weilenmann, Richard; Michel, Erika; Arnold, Susanna (2007). Evaluation of the repeatability of rhinomanometry and its use in assessing transnasal resistance and pressure in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 68(2):178-184.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified posterior rhinomanometric method for clinical application in dogs. ANIMALS: 15 healthy Beagles and 8 Bulldogs (4 healthy and 4 with respiratory problems). PROCEDURES: Rhinomanometry was performed 3 times within a 15-minute period in anesthetized dogs.Transnasal pressure (P(NA)) and nasal resistance (R(NA)) were determined by use of artificial airflow (adjusted for body weight) for inspiration (P(NAin) and R(NAin), respectively) and expiration (P(NAout) and R(NAout)). Procedures were repeated for the Beagles 7 days later. RESULTS: For the Beagles, mean +/- SD of P(NAin) for both days (0.162 +/- 0.042 kPa) was significantly lower than P(NAout) (0.183 +/- 0.053 kPa). Similarly, R(NAin) (1.47 +/- 0.41 kPa/[L/s]) was significantly lower than R(NAout) (1.64 +/- 0.46 kPa/[L/s]). Pairwise comparison of values for P(NA) and R(NA) for the 2 days revealed no significant difference. Repeatability of the method (estimated as within-day variation) for R(NA) was +/- 0.19 kPa/(L/s), whereas variation between the days was +/- 0.36 kPa/(L/s) for R(NAin) and +/- 0.44 kPa/(L/s) for R(NAout). The 4 clinically normal Bulldogs had R(NA) values ranging from 1.69 to 3.48 kPa/(L/s), whereas in the 4 Bulldogs with respiratory problems, R(NA) ranged from 9.83 to 20.27 kPa/(L/s). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: R(NA) is inversely dependent on body size and nonlinearly associated with airflow. We propose that R(NA) in dogs should be determined for airflows standardized on the basis of body size. The P(NA) and R(NA) in Beagles can be measured with sufficient repeatability for clinical use and nasal obstructions are detectable.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified posterior rhinomanometric method for clinical application in dogs. ANIMALS: 15 healthy Beagles and 8 Bulldogs (4 healthy and 4 with respiratory problems). PROCEDURES: Rhinomanometry was performed 3 times within a 15-minute period in anesthetized dogs.Transnasal pressure (P(NA)) and nasal resistance (R(NA)) were determined by use of artificial airflow (adjusted for body weight) for inspiration (P(NAin) and R(NAin), respectively) and expiration (P(NAout) and R(NAout)). Procedures were repeated for the Beagles 7 days later. RESULTS: For the Beagles, mean +/- SD of P(NAin) for both days (0.162 +/- 0.042 kPa) was significantly lower than P(NAout) (0.183 +/- 0.053 kPa). Similarly, R(NAin) (1.47 +/- 0.41 kPa/[L/s]) was significantly lower than R(NAout) (1.64 +/- 0.46 kPa/[L/s]). Pairwise comparison of values for P(NA) and R(NA) for the 2 days revealed no significant difference. Repeatability of the method (estimated as within-day variation) for R(NA) was +/- 0.19 kPa/(L/s), whereas variation between the days was +/- 0.36 kPa/(L/s) for R(NAin) and +/- 0.44 kPa/(L/s) for R(NAout). The 4 clinically normal Bulldogs had R(NA) values ranging from 1.69 to 3.48 kPa/(L/s), whereas in the 4 Bulldogs with respiratory problems, R(NA) ranged from 9.83 to 20.27 kPa/(L/s). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: R(NA) is inversely dependent on body size and nonlinearly associated with airflow. We propose that R(NA) in dogs should be determined for airflows standardized on the basis of body size. The P(NA) and R(NA) in Beagles can be measured with sufficient repeatability for clinical use and nasal obstructions are detectable.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:27 Mar 2009 15:45
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:11
Publisher:American Veterinary Medical Association
ISSN:0002-9645
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.68.2.178
Related URLs:http://avmajournals.avma.org/ (Publisher)
PubMed ID:17269884

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