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Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery after previous sternotomy: experience in 181 patients


Seeburger, J; Borger, M A; Falk, V; Passage, J; Walther, T; Doll, N; Mohr, F W (2009). Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery after previous sternotomy: experience in 181 patients. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 87(3):709-714.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the results for minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) surgery in patients who had undergone previous cardiac operations through a sternotomy. METHODS: From March 1, 1999 to January 2008, minimally invasive MV reoperations were performed in 181 consecutive patients (110 men) with a mean age of 64.5 +/- 12 years. A right-sided lateral minithoracotomy with femoral cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was used. The principal indication was symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (mean grade, 3.0 +/- 0.8). Previous procedures were isolated coronary bypass grafting (CABG) in 76 (42%), isolated valve operation, 55 (30%); combined CABG and valve, 16 (9%); and other cardiac operations, 34 (19%). MV replacement was previously performed in 19 patients and MV repair in 31. Mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.54 +/- 0.16. RESULTS: MV repair, including repeat repair, was performed in 109 patients (60%) and MV replacement in 72 (40%). Operations were performed during ventricular fibrillation in 140 (77%), and a transthoracic aortic cross-clamp was used in 31 (17%). Ten patients (6%) underwent beating heart operations with CPB support. Mean total operating time was 176 +/- 50 min. Mean CPB time was 135 +/- 40 min. Thirty-day mortality was 6.6%. Early echocardiographic follow-up revealed excellent valve function in most patients. CONCLUSION: A minimally invasive approach is a useful alternative for patients requiring a MV procedure after a previous cardiac operation, particularly in patients with patent coronary bypass grafts or previous aortic valve replacement. Very good perioperative results can be achieved with this method.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the results for minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) surgery in patients who had undergone previous cardiac operations through a sternotomy. METHODS: From March 1, 1999 to January 2008, minimally invasive MV reoperations were performed in 181 consecutive patients (110 men) with a mean age of 64.5 +/- 12 years. A right-sided lateral minithoracotomy with femoral cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was used. The principal indication was symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (mean grade, 3.0 +/- 0.8). Previous procedures were isolated coronary bypass grafting (CABG) in 76 (42%), isolated valve operation, 55 (30%); combined CABG and valve, 16 (9%); and other cardiac operations, 34 (19%). MV replacement was previously performed in 19 patients and MV repair in 31. Mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.54 +/- 0.16. RESULTS: MV repair, including repeat repair, was performed in 109 patients (60%) and MV replacement in 72 (40%). Operations were performed during ventricular fibrillation in 140 (77%), and a transthoracic aortic cross-clamp was used in 31 (17%). Ten patients (6%) underwent beating heart operations with CPB support. Mean total operating time was 176 +/- 50 min. Mean CPB time was 135 +/- 40 min. Thirty-day mortality was 6.6%. Early echocardiographic follow-up revealed excellent valve function in most patients. CONCLUSION: A minimally invasive approach is a useful alternative for patients requiring a MV procedure after a previous cardiac operation, particularly in patients with patent coronary bypass grafts or previous aortic valve replacement. Very good perioperative results can be achieved with this method.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:01 Apr 2009 18:46
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-4975
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2008.11.053
PubMed ID:19231375

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