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Quantitative analysis of transthyretin, tau and amyloid-beta in patients with dementia


Gloeckner, S F; Meyne, F; Wagner, F; Heinemann, U; Krasnianski, A; Meissner, B; Zerr, I (2008). Quantitative analysis of transthyretin, tau and amyloid-beta in patients with dementia. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD, 14(1):17-25.

Abstract

We carried out a quantitative analysis of transthyretin (TTR), total tau protein and amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide (1-40 and 1-42) in the lumbar cerebrospinal fluid of 106 patients with different forms of dementia including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Creutzfeldt-Jakob-disease (CJD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) in comparison to healthy controls. Our study revealed that Abeta_{1-42} levels were decreased in all patients irrespective of dementia type. Tau protein levels were abnormal in all degenerative dementia except of NPH. Tau levels did not allow differential diagnosis of dementia type except for CJD, where we observed extremely high CSF levels. In other dementia types, levels were elevated in a similar range. Transthyretin levels were selectively decreased in AD and NPH, thus revealing the potential of this protein to be used as additional biomarker in the neurochemical differential diagnosis of AD. A significant negative correlation of TTR CSF levels and disease severity in AD was observed.

Abstract

We carried out a quantitative analysis of transthyretin (TTR), total tau protein and amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide (1-40 and 1-42) in the lumbar cerebrospinal fluid of 106 patients with different forms of dementia including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Creutzfeldt-Jakob-disease (CJD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) in comparison to healthy controls. Our study revealed that Abeta_{1-42} levels were decreased in all patients irrespective of dementia type. Tau protein levels were abnormal in all degenerative dementia except of NPH. Tau levels did not allow differential diagnosis of dementia type except for CJD, where we observed extremely high CSF levels. In other dementia types, levels were elevated in a similar range. Transthyretin levels were selectively decreased in AD and NPH, thus revealing the potential of this protein to be used as additional biomarker in the neurochemical differential diagnosis of AD. A significant negative correlation of TTR CSF levels and disease severity in AD was observed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Alzheimer's disease, cerebrospinal fluid, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, dementia, total tau, transthyretin
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:09 Apr 2009 12:17
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 19:27
Publisher:IOS Press
ISSN:1387-2877
PubMed ID:18525124

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