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Amylin reduces plasma glucagon concentration in cats


Furrer, D; Kaufmann, K; Reusch, C; Lutz, T A (2010). Amylin reduces plasma glucagon concentration in cats. Veterinary Journal, 184(2):236-240.

Abstract

Pancreatic amylin plays an important role in the control of nutrient fluxes and is an established therapy in human diabetes as it reduces post-prandial glucagon secretion and slows gastric emptying. Given the similar pathophysiology of human type-2 and feline diabetes mellitus, we investigated whether amylin reduces plasma glucagon levels in cats. Healthy cats were tested using an intravenous arginine stimulation test (IVAST), a meal response test with the test meal comprising 50% of average daily food intake, and an IV glucose tolerance test (IVGTT). Non-amyloidogenic rat amylin injected 5min before the respective stimulus significantly reduced plasma glucagon levels under all test situations. In the IVAST and IVGTT, cats treated with amylin also had lower plasma insulin concentrations. It was concluded that amylin does reduce plasma glucagon levels in cats, a feature that has treatment potential in diabetic animals as co-administration of amylin would reduce the insulin requirement to control glycaemia.

Abstract

Pancreatic amylin plays an important role in the control of nutrient fluxes and is an established therapy in human diabetes as it reduces post-prandial glucagon secretion and slows gastric emptying. Given the similar pathophysiology of human type-2 and feline diabetes mellitus, we investigated whether amylin reduces plasma glucagon levels in cats. Healthy cats were tested using an intravenous arginine stimulation test (IVAST), a meal response test with the test meal comprising 50% of average daily food intake, and an IV glucose tolerance test (IVGTT). Non-amyloidogenic rat amylin injected 5min before the respective stimulus significantly reduced plasma glucagon levels under all test situations. In the IVAST and IVGTT, cats treated with amylin also had lower plasma insulin concentrations. It was concluded that amylin does reduce plasma glucagon levels in cats, a feature that has treatment potential in diabetic animals as co-administration of amylin would reduce the insulin requirement to control glycaemia.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:03 Jun 2009 07:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:14
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1090-0233
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.02.011
PubMed ID:19299171

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