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Effect of lactobacillus treatments on the gut flora of juveniles and adult blue macaws (Cyanospitta spixii, Anodorhynxhus leari, Anodorhynchus hyacinthus) at Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP), Qatar


Wyss, F; Deb, A; Arif, A; Taha, A; Hammer, S (2009). Effect of lactobacillus treatments on the gut flora of juveniles and adult blue macaws (Cyanospitta spixii, Anodorhynxhus leari, Anodorhynchus hyacinthus) at Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP), Qatar. In: Wibbelt, G; Kretzschmar, P; Hofer, H. Proceedings of the International Conference on Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals. Berlin: Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, 66-70.

Abstract

Evaluation of faecal samples in captive birds has potential as a non-invasive monitoring tool for
early detection of gastro-intestinal problems. Most blue macaws held at Al Wabra Wildlife
Preservation (AWWP) undergo regular health monitoring that includes a monthly faecal sample
evaluation. Birds in which the bacterial floral abundance and balance did not meet the described
values for parrots (RITCHIE et al., 1994) were supplemented with lactobacilli. In this study, faecal
samples before and after lactobacilli treatment were collected from 47 adult spix’s macaws and
16 juvenile birds (9 spix’s, 4 lear’s and 3 hyacinth macaws). A significant difference in the ratio of
gram-positive rods to gram-positive cocci before and after treatment was found. This study
demonstrates that lactobacillus feeding does improve the ratio of gram-positive rods to grampositive
cocci, but has no influence on the abundance of bacteria.

Abstract

Evaluation of faecal samples in captive birds has potential as a non-invasive monitoring tool for
early detection of gastro-intestinal problems. Most blue macaws held at Al Wabra Wildlife
Preservation (AWWP) undergo regular health monitoring that includes a monthly faecal sample
evaluation. Birds in which the bacterial floral abundance and balance did not meet the described
values for parrots (RITCHIE et al., 1994) were supplemented with lactobacilli. In this study, faecal
samples before and after lactobacilli treatment were collected from 47 adult spix’s macaws and
16 juvenile birds (9 spix’s, 4 lear’s and 3 hyacinth macaws). A significant difference in the ratio of
gram-positive rods to gram-positive cocci before and after treatment was found. This study
demonstrates that lactobacillus feeding does improve the ratio of gram-positive rods to grampositive
cocci, but has no influence on the abundance of bacteria.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:German
Date:2009
Deposited On:29 Jun 2009 12:41
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 19:48
Publisher:Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research
Official URL:http://www.zoovet-conference.org

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