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The effect of clonidine on perioperative blood coagulation


Ganter, M T; Hofer, C K; Spahn, D R; Bruggisser, M; Bombeli, T; Seifert, Burkhardt; Pasch, T; Zalunardo, M P (2005). The effect of clonidine on perioperative blood coagulation. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 17(6):456-462.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of perioperative stress protection by clonidine on blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 50 patients scheduled for elective gynecoabdominal surgery. INTERVENTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients were randomly assigned to control (placebo) or clonidine group (single intravenous clonidine dose; 4 microg/kg(-1) or 3 microg/kg(-1) for age >65 years). Three measurement time points were defined: before administration of placebo/clonidine and anesthesia induction, (t1; baseline measurement); after surgery, before emergence of anesthesia (t2); and at the first postoperative day, 24 hours after anesthesia induction (t3). Blood coagulation was analyzed at all time points measuring international normalized ratio, platelets, thrombin-antithrombin complex, von Willebrand factor, soluble thrombomodulin, d-dimers, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and Thrombelastograph analysis. MAIN RESULTS: In the postoperative period (t2, t3), hypercoagulability was present in all patients compared with baseline measurements (t1) but without differences between the control and clonidine group. Regarding hematologic, laboratory blood coagulation, and Thrombelastograph parameters, there was no statistically and clinically relevant difference throughout the study period between the 2 groups. No hemodynamic adverse events of clonidine were observed in the perioperative period. Until day of discharge, no thrombotic or thromboembolic events were reported in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative administration of a single dose of clonidine has no effect on perioperative blood coagulation.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of perioperative stress protection by clonidine on blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 50 patients scheduled for elective gynecoabdominal surgery. INTERVENTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients were randomly assigned to control (placebo) or clonidine group (single intravenous clonidine dose; 4 microg/kg(-1) or 3 microg/kg(-1) for age >65 years). Three measurement time points were defined: before administration of placebo/clonidine and anesthesia induction, (t1; baseline measurement); after surgery, before emergence of anesthesia (t2); and at the first postoperative day, 24 hours after anesthesia induction (t3). Blood coagulation was analyzed at all time points measuring international normalized ratio, platelets, thrombin-antithrombin complex, von Willebrand factor, soluble thrombomodulin, d-dimers, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and Thrombelastograph analysis. MAIN RESULTS: In the postoperative period (t2, t3), hypercoagulability was present in all patients compared with baseline measurements (t1) but without differences between the control and clonidine group. Regarding hematologic, laboratory blood coagulation, and Thrombelastograph parameters, there was no statistically and clinically relevant difference throughout the study period between the 2 groups. No hemodynamic adverse events of clonidine were observed in the perioperative period. Until day of discharge, no thrombotic or thromboembolic events were reported in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative administration of a single dose of clonidine has no effect on perioperative blood coagulation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:09 Jun 2009 11:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:15
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0952-8180
Additional Information:Elsevier – Full text article
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2004.11.004
PubMed ID:16171667

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