Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Decreased alveolar oxygen induces lung inflammation


Madjdpour, C; Jewell, U R; Kneller, S; Ziegler, U; Schwendener, R; Booy, C; Kläusli, L; Pasch, T; Schimmer, R C; Beck-Schimmer, B (2003). Decreased alveolar oxygen induces lung inflammation. American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 284(2):L360-L367.

Abstract

Molecular mechanisms of the inflammatory reaction in hypoxia-induced lung injury are not well defined. Therefore, effects of alveolar hypoxia were studied in rat lungs, exposing rats to 10% oxygen over periods of 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 h. An increase in the number of macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of hypoxic animals was shown between 1 and 8 h. Extravasation of albumin was enhanced after 1 h and remained increased throughout the study period. NF-kappaB-binding activity as well as mRNA for TNF-alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1beta, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 were increased within the first 2 h of exposure to hypoxia. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 mRNA were upregulated between 1 and 6 h. Elimination of alveolar macrophages by intratracheal application of liposome-encapsulated clodronate led to a decreased expression of NF-kappaB binding activity, HIF-1alpha, TNF-alpha, ICAM-1, and MIP-1beta. In summary, alveolar hypoxia induced macrophage recruitment, an increase in albumin leakage, and enhanced expression of inflammatory mediators, which were mainly macrophage dependent. Alveolar macrophages appear to have a prominent role in the inflammatory response in hypoxia-induced lung injury and the related upregulation of inflammatory mediators.

Abstract

Molecular mechanisms of the inflammatory reaction in hypoxia-induced lung injury are not well defined. Therefore, effects of alveolar hypoxia were studied in rat lungs, exposing rats to 10% oxygen over periods of 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 h. An increase in the number of macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of hypoxic animals was shown between 1 and 8 h. Extravasation of albumin was enhanced after 1 h and remained increased throughout the study period. NF-kappaB-binding activity as well as mRNA for TNF-alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1beta, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 were increased within the first 2 h of exposure to hypoxia. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 mRNA were upregulated between 1 and 6 h. Elimination of alveolar macrophages by intratracheal application of liposome-encapsulated clodronate led to a decreased expression of NF-kappaB binding activity, HIF-1alpha, TNF-alpha, ICAM-1, and MIP-1beta. In summary, alveolar hypoxia induced macrophage recruitment, an increase in albumin leakage, and enhanced expression of inflammatory mediators, which were mainly macrophage dependent. Alveolar macrophages appear to have a prominent role in the inflammatory response in hypoxia-induced lung injury and the related upregulation of inflammatory mediators.

Statistics

Citations

95 citations in Web of Science®
128 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

162 downloads since deposited on 09 Jun 2009
74 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jun 2009 12:51
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:15
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:1040-0605
Additional Information:Free full text article
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/ajplung.00158.2002
Official URL:http://ajplung.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/284/2/L360
PubMed ID:12388372

Download

Download PDF  'Decreased alveolar oxygen induces lung inflammation'.
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher