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Changing travel-related global epidemiology of hepatitis A


Steffen, R (2005). Changing travel-related global epidemiology of hepatitis A. American Journal of Medicine, 118 Su:46S-49S.

Abstract

Hepatitis A is highly endemic in many emerging cultures. Despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines and some improvements in sanitation in developing countries, hepatitis A remains a significant cause of morbidity for nonimmune travelers visiting such destinations. All are at risk, including short-term vacationers or business travelers who stay in deluxe accommodations. This may have considerable implications on public health. Hepatitis A vaccination programs for travelers have not proven to be effective, since many visitors to destinations at risk (e.g., Mexico) fail to consult health professionals prior to departure. Because 50% of the US population has an anticipated lifetime risk for exposure, universal immunization against hepatitis A should be considered.

Abstract

Hepatitis A is highly endemic in many emerging cultures. Despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines and some improvements in sanitation in developing countries, hepatitis A remains a significant cause of morbidity for nonimmune travelers visiting such destinations. All are at risk, including short-term vacationers or business travelers who stay in deluxe accommodations. This may have considerable implications on public health. Hepatitis A vaccination programs for travelers have not proven to be effective, since many visitors to destinations at risk (e.g., Mexico) fail to consult health professionals prior to departure. Because 50% of the US population has an anticipated lifetime risk for exposure, universal immunization against hepatitis A should be considered.

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31 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:10 Jun 2009 13:25
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 19:54
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9343
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.07.016
PubMed ID:16271541

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