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Enigmatic morphology of Djinga felicis (Podostemaceae-Podostemoideae), a badly known endemic from northwestern Cameroon


Ghogue, J P; Ameka, G K; Grob, V; Huber, K A; Pfeifer, E; Rutishauser, R (2009). Enigmatic morphology of Djinga felicis (Podostemaceae-Podostemoideae), a badly known endemic from northwestern Cameroon. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 160(1):64-81.

Abstract

Djinga is a monotypic genus restricted to the Cameroon Ridge ('Dorsale Camerounaise') of NW Cameroon. Besides the type locality Mount Djinga (Adamawa Province, near Tignère), it also grows in waterfalls near Mount Oku (NW Province). This paper describes the structure and development of Djinga felicis using scanning electron microscopy and microtome sections. Cusset's protologue is enriched considerably. Roots are green, dorsiventrally flattened and adherent to submerged rocks. They are broad ribbons or crusts (up to 1 cm broad) which branch exogenously. Root-borne shoots (up to 17 cm) have filamentous leaves with sheaths and (occasionally) attached stipules. Flowers are borne as part of reproductive short shoots which arise exogenously along the stems and endogenously along the roots. Djinga shows non-axillary stem branching. Reproductive shoots along the main stem usually stay short. They arise from the abaxial side of double-sheathed leaves, a key innovation of Podostemoideae. These short shoots shift into pocket-like stem positions clearly below their associated leaves. Each flower bud inside a spathella is erect, but with an inclined ovary. The flowers are unistaminate with a broad connective. Unlike many other Podostemoideae, the tricolpate pollen grains are arranged in both dyads and monads. The ovary is globular and unilocular. The mature 8-ribbed capsule dehisces by two slightly unequal valves, releasing 40–50 seeds.

Abstract

Djinga is a monotypic genus restricted to the Cameroon Ridge ('Dorsale Camerounaise') of NW Cameroon. Besides the type locality Mount Djinga (Adamawa Province, near Tignère), it also grows in waterfalls near Mount Oku (NW Province). This paper describes the structure and development of Djinga felicis using scanning electron microscopy and microtome sections. Cusset's protologue is enriched considerably. Roots are green, dorsiventrally flattened and adherent to submerged rocks. They are broad ribbons or crusts (up to 1 cm broad) which branch exogenously. Root-borne shoots (up to 17 cm) have filamentous leaves with sheaths and (occasionally) attached stipules. Flowers are borne as part of reproductive short shoots which arise exogenously along the stems and endogenously along the roots. Djinga shows non-axillary stem branching. Reproductive shoots along the main stem usually stay short. They arise from the abaxial side of double-sheathed leaves, a key innovation of Podostemoideae. These short shoots shift into pocket-like stem positions clearly below their associated leaves. Each flower bud inside a spathella is erect, but with an inclined ovary. The flowers are unistaminate with a broad connective. Unlike many other Podostemoideae, the tricolpate pollen grains are arranged in both dyads and monads. The ovary is globular and unilocular. The mature 8-ribbed capsule dehisces by two slightly unequal valves, releasing 40–50 seeds.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:April 2009
Deposited On:11 Jun 2009 10:48
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 19:58
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0024-4074
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00961.x
Related URLs:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122326300/issue

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