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Mitral annular shape, size, and motion in normals and in patients with cardiomyopathy: evaluation with computed tomography


Alkadhi, H; Desbiolles, L; Stolzmann, P; Leschka, S; Scheffel, H; Plass, A; Schertler, T; Trindade, P T; Genoni, M; Cattin, P; Marincek, B; Frauenfelder, T (2009). Mitral annular shape, size, and motion in normals and in patients with cardiomyopathy: evaluation with computed tomography. Investigative Radiology, 44(4):218-225.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively, in healthy subjects and in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), the 3-dimensional (3D) shape, size, and motion of the mitral annulus (MA) using computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with no cardiac abnormalities (referred to as normals), 15 with DCM, and 15 with HOCM as determined by echocardiography underwent contrast-enhanced, retrospectively electrocardiography (ECG)-gated 64-slice CT of the heart. The MA was manually segmented in 10% steps of the RR interval with dedicated 3D software employing the point-wrap algorithm. The MA shape, area size, change of the MA area, and apicobasal MA motion throughout the cardiac cycle was determined and compared between the groups. Intercommissural distances were measured with CT and compared with findings during surgery in 9 patients undergoing ring annuloplasty. RESULTS: The MA was nonplanar in all phases and subjects, being largest in diastole and smallest in systole. The MA area was significantly (P < 0.001) larger in patients with DCM (11.5 +/- 4.1 cm/m) as compared with normals (5.5 +/- 0.9 cm/m) and HOCM (4.7 +/- 0.9 cm/m). The change of MA area throughout the cardiac cycle was significantly (P < 0.017) smaller in patients with DCM (12.2 +/- 3.3%/m) as compared with normals (20.0 +/- 7.9%/m) and HOCM (20.5 +/- 7.7%/m). The mean apicobasal motion was significantly (P < 0.017) smaller in patients with DCM (2.2 +/- 1.0 mm/m) as compared with normals (3.6 +/- 0.8 mm/m) and HOCM (2.7 +/- 0.7 mm/m). Intercommissural distances as determined by CT showed a good correlation (r = 0.68, P < 0.05) with intraoperative measurements (mean difference, 0.44 mm; limits of agreement, -2.73-3.62 mm). CONCLUSION: Our study provides in vivo human data on the 3D shape, size, and motion of the MA in healthy subjects. Significant changes in size and motion of the MA were noted in patients with HOCM.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively, in healthy subjects and in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), the 3-dimensional (3D) shape, size, and motion of the mitral annulus (MA) using computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with no cardiac abnormalities (referred to as normals), 15 with DCM, and 15 with HOCM as determined by echocardiography underwent contrast-enhanced, retrospectively electrocardiography (ECG)-gated 64-slice CT of the heart. The MA was manually segmented in 10% steps of the RR interval with dedicated 3D software employing the point-wrap algorithm. The MA shape, area size, change of the MA area, and apicobasal MA motion throughout the cardiac cycle was determined and compared between the groups. Intercommissural distances were measured with CT and compared with findings during surgery in 9 patients undergoing ring annuloplasty. RESULTS: The MA was nonplanar in all phases and subjects, being largest in diastole and smallest in systole. The MA area was significantly (P < 0.001) larger in patients with DCM (11.5 +/- 4.1 cm/m) as compared with normals (5.5 +/- 0.9 cm/m) and HOCM (4.7 +/- 0.9 cm/m). The change of MA area throughout the cardiac cycle was significantly (P < 0.017) smaller in patients with DCM (12.2 +/- 3.3%/m) as compared with normals (20.0 +/- 7.9%/m) and HOCM (20.5 +/- 7.7%/m). The mean apicobasal motion was significantly (P < 0.017) smaller in patients with DCM (2.2 +/- 1.0 mm/m) as compared with normals (3.6 +/- 0.8 mm/m) and HOCM (2.7 +/- 0.7 mm/m). Intercommissural distances as determined by CT showed a good correlation (r = 0.68, P < 0.05) with intraoperative measurements (mean difference, 0.44 mm; limits of agreement, -2.73-3.62 mm). CONCLUSION: Our study provides in vivo human data on the 3D shape, size, and motion of the MA in healthy subjects. Significant changes in size and motion of the MA were noted in patients with HOCM.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:22 Jun 2009 08:13
Last Modified:12 Sep 2016 12:06
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0020-9996
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0b013e3181994a73
PubMed ID:19212270

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