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Social Cognition and Interpersonal Impairments in Trauma Survivors with PTSD


Nietlisbach, G; Maercker, Andreas (2009). Social Cognition and Interpersonal Impairments in Trauma Survivors with PTSD. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 18(4):382-402.

Abstract

Trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience psychosocial problems. This article reviews interpersonal factors such as social support, social acknowledgment, and interpersonal impairment that are relevant to the development and maintenance of PTSD. Furthermore, it considers the possible impact of social cognition on PTSD. The capacity to empathize (empathy) and the existence of an individual “theory of mind” are fundamental to human social interaction. We raise the question of whether traumatic experiences may lead to changes in the social cognition of traumatized individuals. The possible effects of perceived social exclusion as a maintenance factor for PTSD are also discussed.

Abstract

Trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience psychosocial problems. This article reviews interpersonal factors such as social support, social acknowledgment, and interpersonal impairment that are relevant to the development and maintenance of PTSD. Furthermore, it considers the possible impact of social cognition on PTSD. The capacity to empathize (empathy) and the existence of an individual “theory of mind” are fundamental to human social interaction. We raise the question of whether traumatic experiences may lead to changes in the social cognition of traumatized individuals. The possible effects of perceived social exclusion as a maintenance factor for PTSD are also discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:4 June 2009
Deposited On:05 Aug 2009 15:43
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:18
Publisher:Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press
Number of Pages:18
ISSN:1092-6771
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/10926770902881489

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