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Induction of cell cycle-dependent cytotoxicity and apoptosis by new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimers of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine in PC-3 human prostate cancer cells


Cattaneo-Pangrazzi, R M; Schott, H; Wunderli-Allenspach, H; Derighetti, M; Schwendener, R (2000). Induction of cell cycle-dependent cytotoxicity and apoptosis by new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimers of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine in PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. Biochemical Pharmacology, 60(12):1887-96.

Abstract

Fluorodeoxyuridine (5-FdUrd) is an antineoplastic agent with clinical activity against different types of solid tumours. To enhance the effectiveness of this drug, we have synthesised new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimers of 5-FdUrd. These dimers were compared to 5-FdUrd for their cytotoxic effect and the cell cycle dependence of cytotoxicity, as well as for their capacity to induce apoptosis and inhibit thymidylate synthetase (TS) in androgen-independent human PC-3 prostate tumour cells. Incubation of the cells with the dimers N(4)-palmitoyl-2'-deoxycytidylyl-(3'-->5')-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuri din e (dCpam-5-FdUrd) and 2'-deoxy-5-flourouridylyl-(3'-->5')-2'-deoxy-5-fluoro-N(4)-octa decylc ytidine (5-FdUrd-5-FdC18) resulted in a marked cytotoxicity with IC(50) values of 4 microM, similar to 5-FdUrd. In contrast to 5-FdUrd, 100% toxicity was achieved with concentrations of 100-200 microM 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18. Flow cytometric analysis revealed an increase in the cell population in S-phase after treatment with 5-FdUrd, 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18, and dCpam-5-FdUrd from 36 to 63%, 50%, and 77%, respectively. dCpam-5-FdUrd was more potent than 5-FdUrd in arresting the cell cycle. Significant S-phase arrest was indicated by a decreased proportion of cells in G1- and G2/M-phases. Cell cycle arrest and inhibition of cell proliferation were followed by apoptosis, as shown by a 6- to 8-fold increased binding of Apo2.7 antibody, a 9- to 11-fold increase in caspase-3 activity, DNA fragmentation, and by cell morphology showing the appearance of apoptotic bodies. Importantly, 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18 increased the number of apoptotic cells to 160% compared to 5-FdUrd under the same conditions. As with 5-FdUrd, the two dimers also inhibited TS in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, although requiring 100-fold higher concentrations. In conclusion, dCpam-5-FdUrd and 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18 exert stronger cytotoxicity and induce more S-phase arrest and apoptosis than does 5-FdUrd in PC-3 cells, suggesting their potential role in the treatment of human prostate cancer.

Abstract

Fluorodeoxyuridine (5-FdUrd) is an antineoplastic agent with clinical activity against different types of solid tumours. To enhance the effectiveness of this drug, we have synthesised new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimers of 5-FdUrd. These dimers were compared to 5-FdUrd for their cytotoxic effect and the cell cycle dependence of cytotoxicity, as well as for their capacity to induce apoptosis and inhibit thymidylate synthetase (TS) in androgen-independent human PC-3 prostate tumour cells. Incubation of the cells with the dimers N(4)-palmitoyl-2'-deoxycytidylyl-(3'-->5')-5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuri din e (dCpam-5-FdUrd) and 2'-deoxy-5-flourouridylyl-(3'-->5')-2'-deoxy-5-fluoro-N(4)-octa decylc ytidine (5-FdUrd-5-FdC18) resulted in a marked cytotoxicity with IC(50) values of 4 microM, similar to 5-FdUrd. In contrast to 5-FdUrd, 100% toxicity was achieved with concentrations of 100-200 microM 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18. Flow cytometric analysis revealed an increase in the cell population in S-phase after treatment with 5-FdUrd, 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18, and dCpam-5-FdUrd from 36 to 63%, 50%, and 77%, respectively. dCpam-5-FdUrd was more potent than 5-FdUrd in arresting the cell cycle. Significant S-phase arrest was indicated by a decreased proportion of cells in G1- and G2/M-phases. Cell cycle arrest and inhibition of cell proliferation were followed by apoptosis, as shown by a 6- to 8-fold increased binding of Apo2.7 antibody, a 9- to 11-fold increase in caspase-3 activity, DNA fragmentation, and by cell morphology showing the appearance of apoptotic bodies. Importantly, 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18 increased the number of apoptotic cells to 160% compared to 5-FdUrd under the same conditions. As with 5-FdUrd, the two dimers also inhibited TS in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, although requiring 100-fold higher concentrations. In conclusion, dCpam-5-FdUrd and 5-FdUrd-5-FdC18 exert stronger cytotoxicity and induce more S-phase arrest and apoptosis than does 5-FdUrd in PC-3 cells, suggesting their potential role in the treatment of human prostate cancer.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:04 Aug 2009 09:50
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 20:15
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-2952
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-2952(00)00479-2
PubMed ID:11108805

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