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The novel heterodinucleoside dimer 5-FdU-NOAC is a potent cytotoxic drug and a p53-independent inducer of apoptosis in the androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and DU-145


Cattaneo-Pangrazzi, R M; Schott, H; Schwendener, R (2000). The novel heterodinucleoside dimer 5-FdU-NOAC is a potent cytotoxic drug and a p53-independent inducer of apoptosis in the androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and DU-145. Prostate, 45(1):8-18.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the cytotoxic properties of the new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimer 5-FdU-NOAC, which is composed of the cytotoxic drugs 5-FdU and N(4)-octadecyl-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (NOAC) against human prostate tumor cells. METHODS: 5-FdU-NOAC effects on cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, thymidylate synthase activity, and apoptosis were investigated in vitro in the two human prostate carcinoma cell lines DU-145 and PC-3 and compared to cells treated with the corresponding single drugs 5-FdU and NOAC. RESULTS: Treatment of the cells with 5-FdU-NOAC resulted in IC(50) values of 3.9-5 microM and in a complete inhibition of cell proliferation at 200 microM after 96 hr compared to 5-FdU, where 10% of the cells remained resistant. Flow cytometric analysis revealed cell cycle perturbations in S-phase only in the DU-145 cells. 5-FdU-NOAC caused 50% inhibition of thymidylate synthase after 90 min at 0.6 microM in both cell lines. Apoptotic cell fractions in DU-145 (66%) and in PC-3 (34%) cells were found after treatment with 5-FdU-NOAC for 96 hr. DNA fragmentation further confirmed the induction of apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: 5-FdU-NOAC inhibits thymidylate synthase and cell cycle progression causing proliferation arrest and apoptosis in DU-145 and PC-3 cells, suggesting a potential role of 5-FdU-NOAC for the treatment of prostate cancer.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the cytotoxic properties of the new heterodinucleoside phosphate dimer 5-FdU-NOAC, which is composed of the cytotoxic drugs 5-FdU and N(4)-octadecyl-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (NOAC) against human prostate tumor cells. METHODS: 5-FdU-NOAC effects on cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, thymidylate synthase activity, and apoptosis were investigated in vitro in the two human prostate carcinoma cell lines DU-145 and PC-3 and compared to cells treated with the corresponding single drugs 5-FdU and NOAC. RESULTS: Treatment of the cells with 5-FdU-NOAC resulted in IC(50) values of 3.9-5 microM and in a complete inhibition of cell proliferation at 200 microM after 96 hr compared to 5-FdU, where 10% of the cells remained resistant. Flow cytometric analysis revealed cell cycle perturbations in S-phase only in the DU-145 cells. 5-FdU-NOAC caused 50% inhibition of thymidylate synthase after 90 min at 0.6 microM in both cell lines. Apoptotic cell fractions in DU-145 (66%) and in PC-3 (34%) cells were found after treatment with 5-FdU-NOAC for 96 hr. DNA fragmentation further confirmed the induction of apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: 5-FdU-NOAC inhibits thymidylate synthase and cell cycle progression causing proliferation arrest and apoptosis in DU-145 and PC-3 cells, suggesting a potential role of 5-FdU-NOAC for the treatment of prostate cancer.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:04 Aug 2009 09:43
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 20:15
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0270-4137
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0045(20000915)45:1<8::AID-PROS2>3.0.CO;2-L
Official URL:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/72516536/abstract
PubMed ID:10960838

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