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Protective antiviral cytotoxic T cell memory is most efficiently maintained by restimulation via dendritic cells


Ludewig, B; Oehen, S; Barchiesi, F; Schwendener, R; Hengartner, H; Zinkernagel, R M (1999). Protective antiviral cytotoxic T cell memory is most efficiently maintained by restimulation via dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology, 163(4):1839-1844.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in the initiation of T cell-mediated immune responses and may therefore be successfully used in antiviral and antitumor vaccination strategies. Because both strength and duration of an immune response determines the outcome of a vaccination protocol, we evaluated the life span of DC-induced antiviral CTL memory against systemic and peripheral challenge infections with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We found that expansion and activation of CTL by DC was transient. Protection against systemic LCMV infection after DC immunization was relatively long-lived (>60 days), whereas complete protection against peripheral infection via intracerebral infection or infection into the footpad with LCMV, where rapid recruitment of effector T cells to the site of infection and elimination of viral pathogen plays a major role, was short-lived (<30 days). Protective immunity was most efficiently restored by administration of antigenic peptides via DC, rather than in combination with IFA or in liposomes. These results suggest that Ag presentation by DC may be crucial for both initiation and maintenance of protective CTL-mediated immunity against viruses infecting solid organs or against peripheral mesenchymal or epithelial tumors.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in the initiation of T cell-mediated immune responses and may therefore be successfully used in antiviral and antitumor vaccination strategies. Because both strength and duration of an immune response determines the outcome of a vaccination protocol, we evaluated the life span of DC-induced antiviral CTL memory against systemic and peripheral challenge infections with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We found that expansion and activation of CTL by DC was transient. Protection against systemic LCMV infection after DC immunization was relatively long-lived (>60 days), whereas complete protection against peripheral infection via intracerebral infection or infection into the footpad with LCMV, where rapid recruitment of effector T cells to the site of infection and elimination of viral pathogen plays a major role, was short-lived (<30 days). Protective immunity was most efficiently restored by administration of antigenic peptides via DC, rather than in combination with IFA or in liposomes. These results suggest that Ag presentation by DC may be crucial for both initiation and maintenance of protective CTL-mediated immunity against viruses infecting solid organs or against peripheral mesenchymal or epithelial tumors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1999
Deposited On:29 Jul 2009 13:04
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 20:15
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.jimmunol.org/cgi/content/full/163/4/1839
PubMed ID:10438917

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