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Cervical metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate and maxillary alveolus - a retrospective study of 9 years


Kruse, A; Grätz, K W (2009). Cervical metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate and maxillary alveolus - a retrospective study of 9 years. Head & Neck Oncology, 1:28.

Abstract

Purpose: Metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and the mouth floor have been well studied. Concerning maxilla squamous cell carcinomas, however, only a few studies have been performed. The question is whether a prophylactic neck dissection should be performed in these tumors.
Patients and Material: In the Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery at the University Hospital of Zurich, 30 patients who had been treated for squamous cell carcinonoma of the maxilla were examined retrospectively. Special attention was paid to direct and late metastasis, survival rate, and treatment.
RESULTS: Of the 59 patients with upper jaw carcinomas over a 9-year period, only about half (30 patients) had a squamous cell carcinoma of the upper jaw. Of those patients, 27% had an upper lesion on the right side, 33% on the left. Of the 11 patients (36.7%) presenting positive lymph nodes, 4 patients had direct positive lymph nodes while 7 patients had later positive lymph nodes; and 71.4% of the late metastasis appeared during the first year.
CONCLUSION: Because of the 36.7% of patients presenting metastasis in the cervical lymph nodes, elective neck treatment should be considered in cases even with a negative clinical examination.

Abstract

Purpose: Metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and the mouth floor have been well studied. Concerning maxilla squamous cell carcinomas, however, only a few studies have been performed. The question is whether a prophylactic neck dissection should be performed in these tumors.
Patients and Material: In the Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery at the University Hospital of Zurich, 30 patients who had been treated for squamous cell carcinonoma of the maxilla were examined retrospectively. Special attention was paid to direct and late metastasis, survival rate, and treatment.
RESULTS: Of the 59 patients with upper jaw carcinomas over a 9-year period, only about half (30 patients) had a squamous cell carcinoma of the upper jaw. Of those patients, 27% had an upper lesion on the right side, 33% on the left. Of the 11 patients (36.7%) presenting positive lymph nodes, 4 patients had direct positive lymph nodes while 7 patients had later positive lymph nodes; and 71.4% of the late metastasis appeared during the first year.
CONCLUSION: Because of the 36.7% of patients presenting metastasis in the cervical lymph nodes, elective neck treatment should be considered in cases even with a negative clinical examination.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:11 Aug 2009 08:16
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 20:17
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1758-3284
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-3284-1-28
PubMed ID:19619329

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