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T2*-weighted and arterial spin labeling MRI of calf muscles in healthy volunteers and patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome: preliminary experience


Andreisek, G; White, L M; Sussman, M S; Langer, D L; Patel, C; Su, J; Haider, M A; Stainsby, J A (2009). T2*-weighted and arterial spin labeling MRI of calf muscles in healthy volunteers and patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome: preliminary experience. American Journal of Roentgenology, 193(4):W327-W333.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess temporal changes with exercise in T2* and arterial spin labeling signals in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the lower leg and in control subjects using T2* mapping and arterial spin labeling MRI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institutional research ethics board. Ten control subjects (five women and five men; mean age, 29.0 years) and nine patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (three women and six men; mean age, 33.7 years) gave informed written consent and underwent MRI of the calf muscles using an axial T2*-weighted multiecho gradient-recalled echo and a flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery sequence with echo-planar imaging readouts before (baseline) and 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 minutes after exercise. T2* and arterial spin labeling signal changes (DeltaT2* and DeltaASL, respectively) over time were calculated relative to the baseline examination. DeltaT2* and DeltaASL between patients and control subjects were compared using the Student's t test. RESULTS: In both patients and control subjects, DeltaT2* and DeltaASL showed a peak at 3 minutes after exercise, followed by a decrease over time. The maximum DeltaT2* was 26% and 29% for patients and control subjects, respectively. The maximum DeltaASL was 183% and 224% for patients and control subjects, respectively. After 15 minutes, arterial spin labeling signal returned to baseline; however, T2* remained elevated (8% in patients; 10% in control subjects). No statistically significant differences between patients and control subjects in postexercise DeltaT2* and DeltaASL were found (p = 0.21-0.98). CONCLUSION: After calf muscle exercise, no statistically significant differences in T2* relaxation times or arterial spin labeling signal, indicative of differences in muscle oxygenation and perfusion status, were found between patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome and control subjects.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess temporal changes with exercise in T2* and arterial spin labeling signals in patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the anterior compartment of the lower leg and in control subjects using T2* mapping and arterial spin labeling MRI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institutional research ethics board. Ten control subjects (five women and five men; mean age, 29.0 years) and nine patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (three women and six men; mean age, 33.7 years) gave informed written consent and underwent MRI of the calf muscles using an axial T2*-weighted multiecho gradient-recalled echo and a flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery sequence with echo-planar imaging readouts before (baseline) and 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 minutes after exercise. T2* and arterial spin labeling signal changes (DeltaT2* and DeltaASL, respectively) over time were calculated relative to the baseline examination. DeltaT2* and DeltaASL between patients and control subjects were compared using the Student's t test. RESULTS: In both patients and control subjects, DeltaT2* and DeltaASL showed a peak at 3 minutes after exercise, followed by a decrease over time. The maximum DeltaT2* was 26% and 29% for patients and control subjects, respectively. The maximum DeltaASL was 183% and 224% for patients and control subjects, respectively. After 15 minutes, arterial spin labeling signal returned to baseline; however, T2* remained elevated (8% in patients; 10% in control subjects). No statistically significant differences between patients and control subjects in postexercise DeltaT2* and DeltaASL were found (p = 0.21-0.98). CONCLUSION: After calf muscle exercise, no statistically significant differences in T2* relaxation times or arterial spin labeling signal, indicative of differences in muscle oxygenation and perfusion status, were found between patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome and control subjects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:29 Sep 2009 07:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:21
Publisher:American Roentgen Ray Society
ISSN:0361-803X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.08.1579
PubMed ID:19770303

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