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Synthesis and in vitro activities of new anticancer duplex drugs linking 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5-FdU) with 3'-C-ethynylcytidine (ECyd) via a phosphodiester bonding


Schott, H; Schott, S; Schwendener, R (2009). Synthesis and in vitro activities of new anticancer duplex drugs linking 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5-FdU) with 3'-C-ethynylcytidine (ECyd) via a phosphodiester bonding. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 17(19):6824-6831.

Abstract

Two isomeric cytostatic duplex drugs 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridylyl-(3'-->5')-3'-C-ethynylcytidine [5-FdU(3'-->5')ECyd] and 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridylyl-(5'-->5')-3'-C-ethynylcytidine [5-FdU(5'-->5')ECyd] were designed and synthesized at gram scale according to the hydrogenphosphonate method in an overall yield of about 40%. The in vitro evaluation of the anticancer effects indicated highly varying sensibilities of the panel of 60 tested tumor cell lines against the duplex drugs. 5-FdU(3'-->5')ECyd had a 50% growth inhibition (IC(50) < or = 10(-8) M) in 44/58 cell lines. However, only 25/53 of those cell lines showed corresponding IC(50) values when the isomeric 5-FdU(5'-->5')ECyd was tested. Total growth inhibition was achieved using micromolar concentrations of the duplex drugs. The 5-FdU residue of the duplex drug can cause very different effects like additive, synergistic, antagonistic as well as sequence-depending activities, which drastically changed efficiency as well as specificity of the anticancer activities of the duplex drugs, in comparison to those of the monomeric drugs.

Abstract

Two isomeric cytostatic duplex drugs 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridylyl-(3'-->5')-3'-C-ethynylcytidine [5-FdU(3'-->5')ECyd] and 2'-deoxy-5-fluorouridylyl-(5'-->5')-3'-C-ethynylcytidine [5-FdU(5'-->5')ECyd] were designed and synthesized at gram scale according to the hydrogenphosphonate method in an overall yield of about 40%. The in vitro evaluation of the anticancer effects indicated highly varying sensibilities of the panel of 60 tested tumor cell lines against the duplex drugs. 5-FdU(3'-->5')ECyd had a 50% growth inhibition (IC(50) < or = 10(-8) M) in 44/58 cell lines. However, only 25/53 of those cell lines showed corresponding IC(50) values when the isomeric 5-FdU(5'-->5')ECyd was tested. Total growth inhibition was achieved using micromolar concentrations of the duplex drugs. The 5-FdU residue of the duplex drug can cause very different effects like additive, synergistic, antagonistic as well as sequence-depending activities, which drastically changed efficiency as well as specificity of the anticancer activities of the duplex drugs, in comparison to those of the monomeric drugs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:19 Oct 2009 15:28
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 14:24
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0968-0896
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2009.08.033
PubMed ID:19744858

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