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Age Differences in the Underconfidence-With-Practice Effect


Rast, P; Zimprich, D (2009). Age Differences in the Underconfidence-With-Practice Effect. Experimental Aging Research, 35(4):400-431.

Abstract

In two verbal learning experiments, the authors examined the accuracy of
memory monitoring and the underconfidence-with-practice (UWP) effect
in younger and older adults. Memory monitoring was operationalized as
judgements of learning (JOL). An open issue is whether UWP can also be
found in older adults. In the first experiment, both younger and older
adults overestimated their memory performance in the first trial, but
the older group differed from the young group in the second trial. The
JOLs given by older participants matched, on average, their recall
performance. In fact, the UWP effect was not observed in any of several
conditions in older participants. In the second experiment involving five
study-test cycles and two age groups, the same basic pattern of results
was present: Older adults did not show an UWP effect. These findings
appear to fit into a framework of dual factors affecting JOLs, which
posits that the magnitude of JOLs derives both from an anchoring point
and from on-line monitoring of items.

Abstract

In two verbal learning experiments, the authors examined the accuracy of
memory monitoring and the underconfidence-with-practice (UWP) effect
in younger and older adults. Memory monitoring was operationalized as
judgements of learning (JOL). An open issue is whether UWP can also be
found in older adults. In the first experiment, both younger and older
adults overestimated their memory performance in the first trial, but
the older group differed from the young group in the second trial. The
JOLs given by older participants matched, on average, their recall
performance. In fact, the UWP effect was not observed in any of several
conditions in older participants. In the second experiment involving five
study-test cycles and two age groups, the same basic pattern of results
was present: Older adults did not show an UWP effect. These findings
appear to fit into a framework of dual factors affecting JOLs, which
posits that the magnitude of JOLs derives both from an anchoring point
and from on-line monitoring of items.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:October 2009
Deposited On:05 Nov 2009 16:00
Last Modified:26 Jan 2017 08:45
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0361-073X
Additional Information:This is an electronic version of an article published in Experimental Aging Research, Volume 35, Issue 4 October 2009 , pages 400 - 431 . Experimental Aging Research is available online at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0361073X.asp
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/03610730903175782

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