Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Exploration of 4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole N-oxide derivatives in the synthesis of new achiral and chiral liquids


Mloston, G; Romanski, J; Jasinski, M; Heimgartner, H (2009). Exploration of 4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole N-oxide derivatives in the synthesis of new achiral and chiral liquids. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 20(9):1073-1080.

Abstract

New 1-alkoxy-3-alkyl-4,5-dimethylimidazolium bromides were synthesized by alkylation of the corresponding 1-alkylimidazole 3-oxides, which were conveniently prepared via condensation of alpha-(hydroxyimino)ketones, primary aliphatic amines, and formaldehyde. By using enantiomerically pure chiral amines, optically active imidazolium salts were obtained. Treatment with sodium tetrafluoroborate in acetone yielded the corresponding imidazolium tetrafluoroborates. All these compounds, with only one exception, were obtained as oils, which are considered as potential ionic liquids and ‘chiral ionic liquids’. The reduction of the chiral or non-chiral 1-alkylimidazole 3-oxides with Raney-Ni, followed by alkylation with alkyl bromides and subsequent ion exchange to tetrafluoroborates, gave the corresponding 1,3-dialkylimidazolium salts, most of them showing properties of ionic liquids. The alkylation of 1-butyl-4,5-dimethylimidazole 3-oxide and the corresponding imidazole, respectively, with 1,3-dibromopropane led to the first bis-imidazolium dibromides and bis-tetrafluoroborates.

Abstract

New 1-alkoxy-3-alkyl-4,5-dimethylimidazolium bromides were synthesized by alkylation of the corresponding 1-alkylimidazole 3-oxides, which were conveniently prepared via condensation of alpha-(hydroxyimino)ketones, primary aliphatic amines, and formaldehyde. By using enantiomerically pure chiral amines, optically active imidazolium salts were obtained. Treatment with sodium tetrafluoroborate in acetone yielded the corresponding imidazolium tetrafluoroborates. All these compounds, with only one exception, were obtained as oils, which are considered as potential ionic liquids and ‘chiral ionic liquids’. The reduction of the chiral or non-chiral 1-alkylimidazole 3-oxides with Raney-Ni, followed by alkylation with alkyl bromides and subsequent ion exchange to tetrafluoroborates, gave the corresponding 1,3-dialkylimidazolium salts, most of them showing properties of ionic liquids. The alkylation of 1-butyl-4,5-dimethylimidazole 3-oxide and the corresponding imidazole, respectively, with 1,3-dibromopropane led to the first bis-imidazolium dibromides and bis-tetrafluoroborates.

Statistics

Citations

25 citations in Web of Science®
22 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

6 downloads since deposited on 25 Nov 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:21 May 2009
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 07:45
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:32
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0957-4166
Funders:Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tetasy.2009.02.053

Download