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Respiratory distress syndrome in calves


Bleul, U (2009). Respiratory distress syndrome in calves. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 25(1):179-193.

Abstract

Respiratory disease syndrome (RDS) is a condition of neonatal calves in which insufficient oxygen uptake and increased retention of carbon dioxide result in respiratory acidosis. This condition is more common in premature calves and seems to be associated with a deficiency of surfactant. Although there is no uniform definition of RDS, clinical signs appear as tachypnea and expiration accentuated by an abdominal lift and expiratory grunt, and they occur in association with characteristic blood gas changes. This article discusses the pathophysiology of RDS in calves, along with the clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment options.

Abstract

Respiratory disease syndrome (RDS) is a condition of neonatal calves in which insufficient oxygen uptake and increased retention of carbon dioxide result in respiratory acidosis. This condition is more common in premature calves and seems to be associated with a deficiency of surfactant. Although there is no uniform definition of RDS, clinical signs appear as tachypnea and expiration accentuated by an abdominal lift and expiratory grunt, and they occur in association with characteristic blood gas changes. This article discusses the pathophysiology of RDS in calves, along with the clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment options.

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13 citations in Web of Science®
12 citations in Scopus®
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6 downloads since deposited on 08 Dec 2009
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:March 2009
Deposited On:08 Dec 2009 15:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:33
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0749-0720
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2008.10.002
PubMed ID:19174288

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