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An isthmus at the caecocolical junction is an anatomical feature of domestic and wild equids


Clauss, Marcus; Hummel, J; Schwarm, A; Steuer, P; Fritz, J; Martin Jurado, O; Tschudin, A; Hatt, J M (2008). An isthmus at the caecocolical junction is an anatomical feature of domestic and wild equids. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54(2):347-351.

Abstract

The isthmus at the caecocolical junction in domestic equids is well described. Like another isthmus between the ansa proximalis coli (the colonic fermentation chamber or ‘large colon’) and the colon transversum (the distal or ‘small’ colon), this spot represents not only a potential anatomical feature contributing to particle ingesta retention but also an explicit predilection site for intestinal obstructions. The question whether this anatomical feature also occurs in wild equids is therefore of both physiological and medical interest but has not been addressed so far. In this paper, we report dissections of the large intestine of a domestic pony (Equus caballus f. dom.), a Przewalski horse (Equus przewalski) and a plains zebra (Equus burchelli). The intestinal tract section of all three animals were similar in length; each species displayed the caecocolical isthmus as well as the abrupt narrowing of the intestinal tract between the ‘large’ and the ‘small’ colon. Graphical descriptions of wild equid gastrointestinal anatomy should include these features.

Abstract

The isthmus at the caecocolical junction in domestic equids is well described. Like another isthmus between the ansa proximalis coli (the colonic fermentation chamber or ‘large colon’) and the colon transversum (the distal or ‘small’ colon), this spot represents not only a potential anatomical feature contributing to particle ingesta retention but also an explicit predilection site for intestinal obstructions. The question whether this anatomical feature also occurs in wild equids is therefore of both physiological and medical interest but has not been addressed so far. In this paper, we report dissections of the large intestine of a domestic pony (Equus caballus f. dom.), a Przewalski horse (Equus przewalski) and a plains zebra (Equus burchelli). The intestinal tract section of all three animals were similar in length; each species displayed the caecocolical isthmus as well as the abrupt narrowing of the intestinal tract between the ‘large’ and the ‘small’ colon. Graphical descriptions of wild equid gastrointestinal anatomy should include these features.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:28 Apr 2008 09:06
Last Modified:01 May 2017 14:56
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1439-0574
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-007-0126-y

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