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AtHMA1 contributes to the detoxification of excess Zn(II) in Arabidopsis


Kim, Y Y; Choi, H; Segami, S; Cho, H T; Martinoia, E; Maeshima, M; Lee, Y (2009). AtHMA1 contributes to the detoxification of excess Zn(II) in Arabidopsis. The Plant Journal, 58(5):737-753.

Abstract

AtHMA1 is a member of the heavy metal-transporting ATPase family. It exhibits amino acid sequence similarity to two other Zn(II) transporters, AtHMA2 and AtHMA4, and contains poly-His motifs that are commonly found in Zn(II)-binding proteins, but lacks some amino acids that are typical for this class of transporters. AtHMA1 localizes to the chloroplast envelope. In comparison with wild-type plants, we observed a more pronounced sensitivity in the presence of high Zn(II) concentrations, and increased accumulation of Zn in the chloroplast of T-DNA insertional mutants in AtHMA1. The Zn(II)-sensitive phenotype of AtHMA1 knock-out plants was complemented by the expression of AtHMA1 under the control of its own promoter. The Zn(II)-transporting activity of AtHMA1 was confirmed in a heterologous expression system, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The sensitivity of yeast to high concentrations of Zn(II) was altered by the expression of AtHMA1 lacking its N-terminal chloroplast-targeting signal. Taken together, these results suggest that under conditions of excess Zn(II), AtHMA1 contributes to Zn(II) detoxification by reducing the Zn content of Arabidopsis thaliana plastids.

Abstract

AtHMA1 is a member of the heavy metal-transporting ATPase family. It exhibits amino acid sequence similarity to two other Zn(II) transporters, AtHMA2 and AtHMA4, and contains poly-His motifs that are commonly found in Zn(II)-binding proteins, but lacks some amino acids that are typical for this class of transporters. AtHMA1 localizes to the chloroplast envelope. In comparison with wild-type plants, we observed a more pronounced sensitivity in the presence of high Zn(II) concentrations, and increased accumulation of Zn in the chloroplast of T-DNA insertional mutants in AtHMA1. The Zn(II)-sensitive phenotype of AtHMA1 knock-out plants was complemented by the expression of AtHMA1 under the control of its own promoter. The Zn(II)-transporting activity of AtHMA1 was confirmed in a heterologous expression system, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The sensitivity of yeast to high concentrations of Zn(II) was altered by the expression of AtHMA1 lacking its N-terminal chloroplast-targeting signal. Taken together, these results suggest that under conditions of excess Zn(II), AtHMA1 contributes to Zn(II) detoxification by reducing the Zn content of Arabidopsis thaliana plastids.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Date:June 2009
Deposited On:16 Dec 2009 05:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:34
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0960-7412
Additional Information:Free access at DOI
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03818.x
PubMed ID:19207208

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