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Functional and selective targeting of adenovirus to high-affinity Fcgamma receptor I-positive cells by using a bispecific hybrid adapter.


Ebbinghaus, C; Al-Jaibaji, A; Operschall, E; Schöffel, A; Peter, I; Greber, U F; Hemmi, S (2001). Functional and selective targeting of adenovirus to high-affinity Fcgamma receptor I-positive cells by using a bispecific hybrid adapter. Journal of Virology, 75(1):480-489.

Abstract

Adenovirus (Ad) efficiently delivers its DNA genome into a variety of cells and tissues, provided that these cells express appropriate receptors, including the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR), which binds to the terminal knob domain of the viral capsid protein fiber. To render CAR-negative cells susceptible to Ad infection, we have produced a bispecific hybrid adapter protein consisting of the amino-terminal extracellular domain of the human CAR protein (CARex) and the Fc region of the human immunoglobulin G1 protein, comprising the hinge and the CH2 and CH3 regions. CARex-Fc was purified from COS7 cell supernatants and mixed with Ad particles, thus blocking Ad infection of CAR-positive but Fc receptor-negative cells. The functionality of the CARex domain was further confirmed by successful immunization of mice with CARex-Fc followed by selection of a monoclonal anti-human CAR antibody (E1-1), which blocked Ad infection of CAR-positive cells. When mixed with Ad expressing eGFP, CARex-Fc mediated an up to 250-fold increase of transgene expression in CAR-negative human monocytic cell lines expressing the high-affinity Fcgamma receptor I (CD64) but not in cells expressing the low-affinity Fcgamma receptor II (CD32) or III (CD16). These results open new perspectives for Ad-mediated cancer cell vaccination, including the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

Abstract

Adenovirus (Ad) efficiently delivers its DNA genome into a variety of cells and tissues, provided that these cells express appropriate receptors, including the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR), which binds to the terminal knob domain of the viral capsid protein fiber. To render CAR-negative cells susceptible to Ad infection, we have produced a bispecific hybrid adapter protein consisting of the amino-terminal extracellular domain of the human CAR protein (CARex) and the Fc region of the human immunoglobulin G1 protein, comprising the hinge and the CH2 and CH3 regions. CARex-Fc was purified from COS7 cell supernatants and mixed with Ad particles, thus blocking Ad infection of CAR-positive but Fc receptor-negative cells. The functionality of the CARex domain was further confirmed by successful immunization of mice with CARex-Fc followed by selection of a monoclonal anti-human CAR antibody (E1-1), which blocked Ad infection of CAR-positive cells. When mixed with Ad expressing eGFP, CARex-Fc mediated an up to 250-fold increase of transgene expression in CAR-negative human monocytic cell lines expressing the high-affinity Fcgamma receptor I (CD64) but not in cells expressing the low-affinity Fcgamma receptor II (CD32) or III (CD16). These results open new perspectives for Ad-mediated cancer cell vaccination, including the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 January 2001
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:13
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 14:43
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0022-538X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.75.1.480-489.2001
Related URLs:http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=11119616
PubMed ID:11119616

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