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Estrogen receptor-ligand complexes measured by chip-based nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry: an approach for the screening of endocrine disruptors


Bovet, C; Wortmann, A; Eiler, S; Granger, F; Ruff, M; Gerrits, B; Moras, D; Zenobi, R (2007). Estrogen receptor-ligand complexes measured by chip-based nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry: an approach for the screening of endocrine disruptors. Protein Science, 16(5):938-946.

Abstract

In the present report, a method based on chip-based nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry (nanoESI-MS) is described to detect noncovalent ligand binding to the human estrogen receptor alpha ligand-binding domain (hERalpha LBD). This system represents an important environmental interest, because a wide variety of molecules, known as endocrine disruptors, can bind to the estrogen receptor (ER) and induce adverse health effects in wildlife and humans. Using proper experimental conditions, the nanoESI-MS approach allowed for the detection of specific ligand interactions with hERalpha LBD. The relative gas-phase stability of selected hERalpha LBD-ligand complexes did not mirror the binding affinity in solution, a result that demonstrates the prominent role of hydrophobic contacts for stabilizing ER-ligand complexes in solution. The best approach to evaluate relative solution-binding affinity by nanoESI-MS was to perform competitive binding experiments with 17beta-estradiol (E2) used as a reference ligand. Among the ligands tested, the relative binding affinity for hERalpha LBD measured by nanoESI-MS was 4-hydroxtamoxifen approximately diethylstilbestrol > E2 >> genistein >> bisphenol A, consistent with the order of the binding affinities in solution. The limited reproducibility of the bound to free protein ratio measured by nanoESI-MS for this system only allowed the binding constants (K(d)) to be estimated (low nanomolar range for E2). The specificity of nanoESI-MS combined with its speed (1 min/ligand), low sample consumption (90 pmol protein/ligand), and its sensitivity for ligand (30 ng/mL) demonstrates that this technique is a promising method for screening suspected endocrine disrupting compounds and to qualitatively evaluate their binding affinity.

Abstract

In the present report, a method based on chip-based nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry (nanoESI-MS) is described to detect noncovalent ligand binding to the human estrogen receptor alpha ligand-binding domain (hERalpha LBD). This system represents an important environmental interest, because a wide variety of molecules, known as endocrine disruptors, can bind to the estrogen receptor (ER) and induce adverse health effects in wildlife and humans. Using proper experimental conditions, the nanoESI-MS approach allowed for the detection of specific ligand interactions with hERalpha LBD. The relative gas-phase stability of selected hERalpha LBD-ligand complexes did not mirror the binding affinity in solution, a result that demonstrates the prominent role of hydrophobic contacts for stabilizing ER-ligand complexes in solution. The best approach to evaluate relative solution-binding affinity by nanoESI-MS was to perform competitive binding experiments with 17beta-estradiol (E2) used as a reference ligand. Among the ligands tested, the relative binding affinity for hERalpha LBD measured by nanoESI-MS was 4-hydroxtamoxifen approximately diethylstilbestrol > E2 >> genistein >> bisphenol A, consistent with the order of the binding affinities in solution. The limited reproducibility of the bound to free protein ratio measured by nanoESI-MS for this system only allowed the binding constants (K(d)) to be estimated (low nanomolar range for E2). The specificity of nanoESI-MS combined with its speed (1 min/ligand), low sample consumption (90 pmol protein/ligand), and its sensitivity for ligand (30 ng/mL) demonstrates that this technique is a promising method for screening suspected endocrine disrupting compounds and to qualitatively evaluate their binding affinity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2007
Deposited On:28 Dec 2009 07:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0961-8368
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1110/ps.062664107
PubMed ID:17400923

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