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Classification of therapy resistance based on longitudinal biomarker profiles


Kohlmann, M; Held, L; Grunert, V P (2009). Classification of therapy resistance based on longitudinal biomarker profiles. Biometrical Journal, 51(4):610-626.

Abstract

To classify patients either as resistant or non-resistant to HIV therapy based on longitudinal viral load profiles, we applied longitudinal quadratic discriminant analysis and examined various measures, mainly derived from the Brier Score, to assess the biomarker performance in terms of discrimination and calibration. The analysis of the application data revealed an increase in performance by using longer profiles instead of single biomarker measurements. Simulations showed that the selection of mixed models for the estimation of the group-specific discriminant rule parameters should be based on BIC, rather than on the best performance measure. An incorrect model selection can lead to spuriously better or worse performance as misclassification and classification certainty regards, especially with increasing length of the profiles and for more complex models with random slopes.

Abstract

To classify patients either as resistant or non-resistant to HIV therapy based on longitudinal viral load profiles, we applied longitudinal quadratic discriminant analysis and examined various measures, mainly derived from the Brier Score, to assess the biomarker performance in terms of discrimination and calibration. The analysis of the application data revealed an increase in performance by using longer profiles instead of single biomarker measurements. Simulations showed that the selection of mixed models for the estimation of the group-specific discriminant rule parameters should be based on BIC, rather than on the best performance measure. An incorrect model selection can lead to spuriously better or worse performance as misclassification and classification certainty regards, especially with increasing length of the profiles and for more complex models with random slopes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:01 Dec 2009 14:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0323-3847
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.200800157
PubMed ID:19688757

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